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From Proto-Italic *pangō, from Proto-Indo-European *peh₂ǵ-. Cognates include Ancient Greek πήγνυμι (pḗgnumi).



pangō (present infinitive pangere, perfect active pānxī or pēgī or pepigī, supine pānctum or pāctum); third conjugation

  1. I fasten, fix, set, especially drive, sink, force in
  2. (metonymically) I set, plant
    1. (transferred) I beget (children)
  3. (figuratively, of compositions) I compose, write
    • c. 19 BCE, Horace, Ars Poetica :
      Ego mira poemata pango
      I compose marvellous poems
    • c. 99 BCE – 55 BCE, Lucretius, De rerum natura 1.931:
      [] primum quod magnis doceo de rebus et artis
      religionum animum nodis exsolvere pergo,
      deinde quod obscura de re tam lucida pango
      carmina musaeo contingens cuncta lepore.
      • 1916 translation by William Ellery Leonard
        First, since I teach concerning mighty things,
        And go right on to loose from round the mind
        The tightened coils of dread religion;
        Next, since, concerning themes so dark, I frame
        Songs so pellucid, touching all throughout
  4. (figuratively, of actions) I celebrate, tell of, record, compose accounts of
  5. (figuratively) I fix, determine, settle, especially—
    1. I agree upon; I covenant, agree, stipulate, contract (only in perfect forms)
    2. (of marital matters) I promise, pledge, engage to do, undertake to perform


   Conjugation of pangō (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present pangō pangis pangit pangimus pangitis pangunt
imperfect pangēbam pangēbās pangēbat pangēbāmus pangēbātis pangēbant
future pangam pangēs panget pangēmus pangētis pangent
perfect pānxī, pēgī, pepigī pānxistī, pēgistī, pepigistī pānxit, pēgit, pepigit pānximus, pēgimus, pepigimus pānxistis, pēgistis, pepigistis pānxērunt, pānxēre, pēgērunt, pēgēre, pepigērunt, pepigēre
pluperfect pānxeram, pēgeram, pepigeram pānxerās, pēgerās, pepigerās pānxerat, pēgerat, pepigerat pānxerāmus, pēgerāmus, pepigerāmus pānxerātis, pēgerātis, pepigerātis pānxerant, pēgerant, pepigerant
future perfect pānxerō, pēgerō, pepigerō pānxeris, pēgeris, pepigeris pānxerit, pēgerit, pepigerit pānxerimus, pēgerimus, pepigerimus pānxeritis, pēgeritis, pepigeritis pānxerint, pēgerint, pepigerint
passive present pangor pangeris, pangere pangitur pangimur pangiminī panguntur
imperfect pangēbar pangēbāris, pangēbāre pangēbātur pangēbāmur pangēbāminī pangēbantur
future pangar pangēris, pangēre pangētur pangēmur pangēminī pangentur
perfect pānctus or pāctus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect pānctus or pāctus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect pānctus or pāctus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present pangam pangās pangat pangāmus pangātis pangant
imperfect pangerem pangerēs pangeret pangerēmus pangerētis pangerent
perfect pānxerim, pēgerim, pepigerim pānxerīs, pēgerīs, pepigerīs pānxerit, pēgerit, pepigerit pānxerīmus, pēgerīmus, pepigerīmus pānxerītis, pēgerītis, pepigerītis pānxerint, pēgerint, pepigerint
pluperfect pānxissem, pēgissem, pepigissem pānxissēs, pēgissēs, pepigissēs pānxisset, pēgisset, pepigisset pānxissēmus, pēgissēmus, pepigissēmus pānxissētis, pēgissētis, pepigissētis pānxissent, pēgissent, pepigissent
passive present pangar pangāris, pangāre pangātur pangāmur pangāminī pangantur
imperfect pangerer pangerēris, pangerēre pangerētur pangerēmur pangerēminī pangerentur
perfect pānctus or pāctus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect pānctus or pāctus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present pange pangite
future pangitō pangitō pangitōte panguntō
passive present pangere pangiminī
future pangitor pangitor panguntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives pangere pānxisse, pēgisse, pepigisse pānctūrum esse, pāctūrum esse pangī pānctum esse, pāctum esse pānctum īrī, pāctum īrī
participles pangēns pānctūrus, pāctūrus pānctus, pāctus pangendus, pangundus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
pangendī pangendō pangendum pangendō pānctum, pāctum pānctū, pāctū


Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit





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