home; family; ‑ist; ‑er; ‑ian; measure word for stores and schools
long; length; forever; always; constantly; chief; head; elder; to grow; to develop
|Kanji in this term|
Historically, this role has more commonly been filled by a man. However, this word alone is generally not gender-specific, and can refer to either a male or female head of household. To specify a particular gender, this word may be prefixed with either 女 (onna, “woman”) or 男 (otoko, “man”).
- 女家長 (onna kachō): a matriarch, the female head of a household
- 男家長 (otoko kachō): a patriarch, the male head of a household
- 女族長 (onna zokuchō): a matriarch, the female head of a family or clan
- 男族長 (otoko zokuchō): a patriarch, the male head of a family or clan