KoreanEdit

Etymology 1Edit

First attested in the Seokbo sangjeol (釋譜詳節 / 석보상절), 1447, as Middle Korean ᄀᆞ자ᇰ〮 (Yale: kòcáng). Original meaning: "very, extremely". Superlative meaning ("most") from sixteenth century onward. Displaced previous superlative adverbs 안〮직 (Yale: áncìk), ᄆᆞᆺ〮 (Yale: mós).

PronunciationEdit

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?gajang
Revised Romanization (translit.)?gajang
McCune–Reischauer?kajang
Yale Romanization?kacang

AdverbEdit

가장 (gajang)

  1. most, -est
    Synonym: 제일(第一) (jeil)
    사전 가장 좋아.
    I sajeon-i gajang joa-yo.
    This dictionary is the best.
    우사인 볼트 지구상에서 가장 빠른 사람이에.
    Usain Bolteu-neun jigusang-eseo gajang ppareun saram-ie-yo.
    Usain Bolt is the fastest person on Earth.

Etymology 2Edit

Sino-Korean word from (fake) + (burial)

PronunciationEdit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ˈka̠(ː)d͡ʑa̠ŋ]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?gajang
Revised Romanization (translit.)?gajang
McCune–Reischauer?kajang
Yale Romanization?kācang

NounEdit

가장 (gajang) (hanja 假葬)

  1. A hurried or temporary burial
  2. Burying a child

Etymology 3Edit

Sino-Korean word from 家長, from (family) + (master)

PronunciationEdit

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?gajang
Revised Romanization (translit.)?gajang
McCune–Reischauer?kajang
Yale Romanization?kacang

NounEdit

가장 (gajang) (hanja 家長)

  1. the head of a family

ReferencesEdit

  • Lee, Ju Haeng (이주행); Lee Kyu Hang (이규항), Kim Sang Jun (김상준) (2004), “가장”, in 한국어 발음사전: Korean Pronouncing Dictionary, Seoul: Jigu Publishing, →ISBN, page 27
  • National Institute of the Korean Language (Naver.com mirror) (accessed 2007-01-03), “가장”, in 표준국어대사전[1]
  • National Institute of the Korean Language (Naver.com mirror) (accessed 2007-01-03), “가장”, in 표준국어대사전[2]
  • Choe, Jong-du (최종두), ed. (2005), “가장”, in 새국어사전, Seoul: Isangsa, page 8