putns on Latvian Wikipedia


Traditionally derived from Proto-Baltic *put-n-a, a morphological veriant of *putā- (originally “young bird”), from Proto-Indo-European *pōw-, *pū- ‎(small one, baby). Another possibility is that the original stem was *pawt- “to father,” with Latvian pauts ‎(testicle) (dialectally also “egg”) as a direct reflex; from the zero grade form *put- > putns (perhaps with the suffix -ens); in this respect, cf. Sudovian paud ‎(bird). For these hypotheses, cognates include Lithuanian putýtis ‎(chick), paũkštis ‎(bird), Old Church Slavonic пътица ‎(pŭtica), Russian птица ‎(ptíca), Sanskrit पोतः ‎(pótaḥ, young animal, offspring), पुत्रः ‎(putráḥ, son, child), Ancient Greek πῶλος ‎(pôlos, foal), Latin puer ‎(child, boy). Neither hypothesis, however, completely explains the form of this word. A more recent suggestion is Proto-Indo-European *pet- *peth₂- ‎(to jump, to fly, to fall), from which Old Irish ēn ‎(bird) (< *petno-), Old High German fedara, German Feder ‎(feather) (< *pet-er-), Hittite pattar ‎(wing), Sanskrit पतति ‎(patati, to fly, to fall), Ancient Greek πέτομαι ‎(pétomai, to fly), πτερόν ‎(pterón, wing), Latin penna ‎(feather) (< *pet-na). From *pét-r-, *pet-n-és > *ptér-, *pten-és, where an epenthetic u would lead to *putne-, *puten- (cf. dialectal diminutive puteniņš with e), from which putns.[1]


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putns m (1st declension)

  1. bird (vertebrate animal of the class Aves, covered with feathers, with wings and often capable of flying)
    sauszemes, ūdens putns‎ ― land, water bird
    jūras, meža putns‎ ― sea, forest bird
    nakts putns‎ ― night bird
    caurceļotāji putns‎ ― migratory birds
    putnu pārceļošana, migrācija‎ ― bird migration
    putnu spalvas, knābis‎ ― bird feathers, beak
    putnu olas, ligzda‎ ― bird eggs, nest
    putnu dziesmas‎ ― bird songs
    putnu mēdības‎ ― bird hunting
    putnu gaļa‎ ― bird meat, poultry
    putnu kūts‎ ― bird shed
    putnu biedēklis‎ ― scarecrow (lit. bird-scarer)
    ceļotāji, gāju putni, gājputni'‎ ― birds of passage
    ziemotāji putni‎ ― winter birds
    mājas putni, mājputni'‎ ― fowls, poultry (lit. house birds)
    putnu mēris‎ ― bird fever
    izēdināt putnus spēkbarību un graudus‎ ― to feed the birds silage and grains


Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “putns”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7