putns on Latvian Wikipedia


Traditionally derived from Proto-Baltic *put-n-a, a morphological veriant of *putā- (originally “young bird”), from Proto-Indo-European *pōw-, *pū- (small one, baby). Another possibility is that the original stem was *pawt- “to father,” with Latvian pauts (testicle) (dialectally also “egg”) as a direct reflex; from the zero grade form *put- > putns (perhaps with the suffix -ens); in this respect, cf. Sudovian paud (bird). For these hypotheses, cognates include Lithuanian putýtis (chick), paũkštis (bird), Old Church Slavonic пътица (pŭtica), Russian птица (ptíca), Sanskrit पोतः (pótaḥ, young animal, offspring), पुत्रः (putráḥ, son, child), Ancient Greek πῶλος (pôlos, foal), Latin puer (child, boy). Neither hypothesis, however, completely explains the form of this word. A more recent suggestion is Proto-Indo-European *pet- *peth₂- (to jump, to fly, to fall), from which Old Irish ēn (bird) (< *petno-), Old High German fedara, German Feder (feather) (< *pet-er-), Hittite pattar (wing), Sanskrit पतति (patati, to fly, to fall), Ancient Greek πέτομαι (pétomai, to fly), πτερόν (pterón, wing), Latin penna (feather) (< *pet-na). From *pét-r-, *pet-n-és > *ptér-, *pten-és, where an epenthetic u would lead to *putne-, *puten- (cf. dialectal diminutive puteniņš with e), from which putns.[1]


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putns m (1st declension)

  1. bird (vertebrate animal of the class Aves, covered with feathers, with wings and often capable of flying)
    sauszemes, ūdens putns‎ ― land, water bird
    jūras, meža putns‎ ― sea, forest bird
    nakts putns‎ ― night bird
    caurceļotāji putns‎ ― migratory birds
    putnu pārceļošana, migrācija‎ ― bird migration
    putnu spalvas, knābis‎ ― bird feathers, beak
    putnu olas, ligzda‎ ― bird eggs, nest
    putnu dziesmas‎ ― bird songs
    putnu mēdības‎ ― bird hunting
    putnu gaļa‎ ― bird meat, poultry
    putnu kūts‎ ― bird shed
    putnu biedēklis‎ ― scarecrow (lit. bird-scarer)
    ceļotāji, gāju putni, gājputni'‎ ― birds of passage
    ziemotāji putni‎ ― winter birds
    mājas putni, mājputni'‎ ― fowls, poultry (lit. house birds)
    putnu mēris‎ ― bird fever
    izēdināt putnus spēkbarību un graudus‎ ― to feed the birds silage and grains


Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “putns”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7