Putna spārni (1)
Lidmašīnas spārns (2)
Velosipēda dakšas spārni (3)
Ēkas spārni (4)


From Proto-Baltic *sparnas (with lengthening of the a), from Proto-Indo-European *sper-no- (wing), from the stem *per-, *sper- (with s-mobile; or else the s may result from the influence of the stem *spʰer (to twitch, to flicker)) meaning originally “over (away from),” then “carry (away),” “fly (away).” Cognates include Lithuanian spar̃nas, Old Church Slavonic перо (pero, feather), Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian перо (peró), Upper Sorbian pjero, Old High German farn, German Farn, English fern, Hittite partau̯ar (feather), Sanskrit पर्ण (parṇá, feather; leaf).[1]


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spārns m (1st declension)

  1. (anatomy, of birds, insects, bats) wing (one of a pair of flight organs)
    putna, tauriņa, sienāža spārns‎ ― a bird's, butterfly's, grasshopper's wing
    izplest spārnus‎ ― to open, spread one's wings
    sakļaust spārnus‎ ― to close one's wings
    spārnu vēzieni‎ ― wingbeats
  2. wing (plate-like appendage in a large machine that interacts with the environment (e.g., air, water))
    lidmašīnas spārns‎ ― airplane wing
    kuģa dzenskrūves spārni‎ ― ship propeller wings
  3. plaque-like elongated element or part in a machine
    velosidpēda dakšas spārni‎ ― bicycle fork prongs (lit. wings)
  4. wing (lateral part or extension of a building)
    no vienas ēkas spārna uz otru‎ ― from one wing of the building to the other
    labajā spārnā atrodas bibliotēka‎ ― the library is situated in the right wing
  5. (military) flank
    pulkvedis ar savu adjutantu piejāja līdz pozīcijas labajam spārnam‎ ― the colonel and his aide rode up to (their) position's right flank
  6. wing (a group of people, within a larger group)
    filozofijas skolas radikālais spārns‎ ― the radical wing of the philosophical school



  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “spārns”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7