spalva

See also: spalvā

LatvianEdit

Spalva (1)
Spalva (3)

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Baltic *spalwā, from Proto-Indo-European *pel-, *spʰel- (to split, cast off) with a w extension. Alternatively, *spalu- may simply have been a u-stem noun, later transformed into an ā-stem noun: *spalu-ā- > *spalvā-. The original meaning was probably “that which was torn off, plucked, shorn.” Cognates include Lithuanian spalvà (color) (“color” meaning is a secondary development), Sudovian spiła.[1]

PronunciationEdit

Headset icon.svg This entry needs audio files. If you have a microphone, please record some and upload them. (For audio required quickly, visit WT:APR.)

NounEdit

spalva f (4th declension)

  1. feather (branching, hair-like structure that covers the skin of birds; a feather covering)
    pīlu, vistu, baložu spalvas — duck, chicken, pigeon feathers
    raibas spalvas — speckled feathers
    mest spalvas — to change (lit. throw) feathers, to moult
    plūkt, plucināt spalvas — to pluck feathers
    spalvu segafeather blanket, duvet
    spalvu mākoņi — cirrus clouds (lit. feather clouds)
  2. fur, hair; a covering of hair (on mammals)
    zirgam gluda, spoža spalva — the horse has smooth, shiny hair
    spalvām apaugušas rokas, kājas — hands, feet covered, overgrown with hair
    mākslīga spalva — artificial, synthetic fur
    liels suns, gludu spalvu, tumši brūns kā kastanis — a big dog, (with) smooth fur, dark brown like a chestnut
    truši met spalvu, t. i., mati izkrīt un to vietā izaug jauni — rabbits shed their fur, i.e., their hairs fall off and on the same place new ones grow
  3. quill, pen (especially to be used as a writing instrument)
    noasināta zoss spalva — a sharpened goose quill
    rakstāmspalva — writing pen, nib
    pildspalva — writing pen
    rupja, smalka spalva — coarse, fine pen
    iemērkt spalvu tintē, tušā — to dip the pen in ink
    pirmais spalvas mēģinājums — the first attempt at the pen (= at writing, by a new author)

DeclensionEdit

Usage notesEdit

In the “writing implement” sense, pildspalva is the usual term, spalva being usually reserved for special, or old-fashioned, pens (especially feather pens) or for metaphorical uses.

SynonymsEdit

  • (of "hair, fur"): mati

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “spalva” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.

LithuanianEdit

Lithuanian Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia lt

PronunciationEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Balto-Slavic *spalwā, from Proto-Indo-European *(s)p(h)el- (to split, cast off), with a w extension. Alternatively, *spalu- may simply have been a u-stem noun, later transformed into an ā-stem noun: *spalu-ā- > *spalvā-. The original meaning was probably “that which was torn off, plucked, shorn.” Cognates include Latvian spalva (feather, fur), Nareva Baltic spiła; the “color” meaning is a secondary development, from “feather, fur.”

NounEdit

spalvà f (plural spal̃vos) stress pattern 4

  1. colour, color

DeclensionEdit


SamogitianEdit

Samogitian Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia sgs

NounEdit

spalva f (plural spalvas)

  1. color, colour
Last modified on 27 February 2014, at 09:08