Faroese edit

Etymology edit

From Old Norse ráða, from Proto-Germanic *rēdaną.

Pronunciation edit

  This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Verb edit

ráða (third person singular past indicative raddi, third person plural past indicative raddu, supine rátt)

  1. to advise
  2. to decide

Conjugation edit

Conjugation of ráða (irregular)
infinitive ráða
supine rátt (ráðið)
participle (a27)1 ráðandi ráðin
present past
first singular ráði raddi/
(ræð)
second singular ræður raddi/
(ræð)
third singular ræður raddi/
(ræð)
plural ráða raddu/
(ræð)
imperative
singular ráð!
plural ráðið!
1Only the past participle being declined.

Icelandic edit

Etymology edit

From Old Norse ráða, from Proto-Germanic *rēdaną, from Proto-Indo-European *Hreh₁dʰ- (reason, count). Cognate with English read, Low German raden, Dutch raden, German raten, Swedish råda, Gothic 𐌲𐌰𐍂𐌴𐌳𐌰𐌽 (garēdan). The Indo-European root is also the source of Ancient Greek ἀριθμός (arithmós), Old Irish immrádim, Old Church Slavonic радити (raditi).

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

ráða (strong verb, third-person singular past indicative réð, third-person plural past indicative réðu, supine ráðið)

  1. (with accusative) to employ, to hire
    Hún ræður alltaf vini sína.
    She always employs her friends.
    Ég mætti bara brosandi og ég var ráðinn á staðnum.
    I just showed up smiling and I was hired on the spot.
  2. (with accusative) to solve
    Geturðu ráðið þessar gátur?
    Can you solve these riddles?
  3. (with accusative) to read
    Hann réð rúnirnar.
    He read the runes
  4. (with dative) to command, control, be in control of
    Hver ræður hér í raun og veru?
    Who is really in charge here?
  5. (ditransitive, with dative and accusative) to advise (someone to do something)
    Afi minn réð mér alltaf heilt.
    My grandfather always gave me good advice.
  6. (with dative) to decide
    Ég læt þig ráða.
    I'll let you decide.

Derived terms edit

Old Norse edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Germanic *rēdaną, from Proto-Indo-European *Hreh₁dʰ-.

Verb edit

ráða (singular past indicative réð, plural past indicative réðu, past participle ráðinn)

  1. (ditransitive, with dative and accusative) to advise, counsel (someone to do something)
  2. (transitive, with dative) to consult about, discuss
  3. (with dative) to devise, plan
  4. (with dative) to agree on
    réðu þeir þat þá með sér
    they settled this among themselves
  5. (with accusative) to fix, resolve
    hefi áðr ráðit brúðlaup mitt
    I have fixed my wedding day
  6. (with accusative) to hire, take into service
    bóndi sagði húsfreyju, at hann hafði Hrapp ráðit með sér
    the partisan told his wife that he had taken Hrapp into his company
  7. (with dative) to rule (over), govern
    Einarr jarl réð þá Orkneyjum
    Earl Einarr ruled the Orkneys
  8. (with dative) to rule, command, have one's way with, prevail, decide, settle
  9. (with dative) to have, possess, be master of, enjoy
  10. (with dative) to explain, read, interpret
  11. (with accusative) to read and understand (e.g. runes)

Conjugation edit

Alternative forms edit

Descendants edit

  • Icelandic: ráða
  • Faroese: ráða
  • Norwegian Bokmål: råde
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: , råda, råde
  • Old Swedish: rāþa
  • Danish: råde

References edit