See also: Rune, runë, and runę

English edit

 
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Anglo-Saxon runes

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Old Norse rún, which is from Proto-Germanic *rūnō (letter, literature, secret), which is borrowed either from Proto-Celtic *rūnā or from the same source as it; compare Dutch rune, German Rune, Danish rune and Swedish runa. Compare roun.

Pronunciation edit

  • enPR: ro͞on, IPA(key): /ɹuːn/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -uːn

Noun edit

rune (plural runes)

  1. A letter, or character, used in the written language of various ancient Germanic peoples, especially the Scandinavians and the Anglo-Saxons.
    • 1971, Richard Carpenter, Catweazle and the Magic Zodiac, Harmondsworth: Puffin Books, page 32:
      "Finding you somewhere to live isn't going to be easy," he said. "We must cast the runes," said Catweazle. "They will tell us."
  2. A Finnic or Scandinavian epic poem, or a division of one, especially a division of the Kalevala.
  3. A letter or mark used as a mystical or magic symbol.
  4. A verse or song, especially one with mystical or mysterious overtones; a spell or an incantation.
    • 1891, Mary Noailles Murfree, In the "Stranger People's" Country, Nebraska, published 2005, page 15:
      the fiddle sang and sang as ceaselessly as the chanting cicada without, and the frogs intoning their sylvan runes by the waterside.
  5. (obsolete) Alternative form of roun (secret or mystery).
  6. (programming, in the Go programming language) A Unicode code point.
    • 2016, Shiju Varghese, Go Recipes, Apress, →ISBN, page 12:
      Go language defines the type rune as an alias for the type int32 to represent a Unicode code point. A string in Go is a sequence of runes.

Derived terms edit

Translations edit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Anagrams edit

Danish edit

Noun edit

rune c (singular definite runen, plural indefinite runer)

  1. rune

Declension edit

References edit

Dutch edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from German Rune, from Old Norse rún.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

rune f (plural runen, diminutive runetje n)

  1. rune

Derived terms edit

Anagrams edit

French edit

 
French Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fr

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Old Norse rún.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

rune f (plural runes)

  1. rune

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Turkish: rün

Further reading edit

Italian edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈru.ne/
  • Rhymes: -une
  • Hyphenation: rù‧ne

Noun edit

rune f

  1. plural of runa

Anagrams edit

Middle Dutch edit

Etymology edit

From Old Dutch *rūna, from Proto-Germanic *rūnō.

Noun edit

rune f

  1. (rare) secretive whispering

Inflection edit

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Further reading edit

Norwegian Bokmål edit

 
Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Etymology edit

From Old Norse rún.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

rune f or m (definite singular runa or runen, indefinite plural runer, definite plural runene)

  1. rune

References edit

Anagrams edit

Norwegian Nynorsk edit

 
Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Etymology 1 edit

Related to run (witchcraft; rune).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

rune f (definite singular runa, indefinite plural runer, definite plural runene)

  1. an old formula, particularly a verse or a proverb

Etymology 2 edit

From Danish rune; likely a reanalysis of Old Norse plural rúnir, whence also runer f pl.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

rune f (definite singular runa, indefinite plural runer, definite plural runene)

  1. Synonym of run (rune)

References edit

Old English edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

rūne

  1. accusative singular of rūn
  2. genitive singular of rūn
  3. dative singular of rūn
  4. nominative plural of rūn
  5. accusative plural of rūn

Serbo-Croatian edit

Noun edit

rune (Cyrillic spelling руне)

  1. inflection of runa:
    1. genitive singular
    2. nominative/accusative/vocative plural