counsel

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English counseil, conseil, from Old French conseil, from Latin cōnsilium; akin to cōnsulō (take counsel, consult).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

counsel (countable and uncountable, plural counsels)

  1. The exchange of opinions and advice especially in legal issues; consultation.
  2. Exercise of judgment; prudence.
    • 1594–1597, Richard Hooker, J[ohn] S[penser], editor, Of the Lawes of Ecclesiastical Politie, [], London: [] Will[iam] Stansby [for Matthew Lownes], published 1611, OCLC 931154958, (please specify the page):
      They all confess, therefore, in the working of that first cause, that counsel is used.
  3. Advice; guidance.
  4. Deliberate purpose; design; intent; scheme; plan.
  5. A lawyer, as in Queen's Counsel (QC).

Usage notesEdit

In the sense 'lawyer', the word is usually uncountable, counsel meaning one lawyer or many (not counsels).

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VerbEdit

counsel (third-person singular simple present counsels, present participle counselling or counseling, simple past and past participle counselled or counseled)

  1. (transitive) To give advice, especially professional advice, to (somebody).
    The lawyer counselled his client to remain silent.
    Psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers and other mental health professionals counsel clients.
  2. (transitive) To recommend (a course of action).
    I would counsel prudence in this matter.

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Middle EnglishEdit

NounEdit

counsel

  1. a secret opinion or purpose; a private matter