See also: PLAN, Plan, plán, plån, plaň, pláň, and -plan

English edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from French plan (a ground-plot of a building), from plan (flat), a later form of the vernacular plain, from Latin planus (flat, plane); see plain, plane.

Pronunciation edit

  • enPR: plăn, IPA(key): /plæn/, [pʰl̥æn]
  • (US regional) IPA(key): [plɛən]
    • (file)
  • Rhymes: -æn

Noun edit

plan (plural plans)

  1. A drawing showing technical details of a building, machine, etc., with unwanted details omitted, and often using symbols rather than detailed drawing to represent doors, valves, etc.
    The plans for many important buildings were once publicly available.
  2. A set of intended actions, usually mutually related, through which one expects to achieve a goal.
    He didn't really have a plan; he had a goal and a habit of control.
    • 1980, John Lennon (lyrics and music), “Beautiful Boy (Darling Boy)”, in Double Fantasy:
      Life is what happens to you / While you're busy making other plans
  3. A two-dimensional drawing of a building as seen from above with obscuring or irrelevant details such as roof removed, or of a floor of a building, revealing the internal layout; as distinct from the elevation.
    Synonym: floor plan
    Seen in plan, the building had numerous passageways not apparent to visitors.
  4. A method; a way of procedure; a custom.
  5. A subscription to a service.
    a phone plan
    an Internet plan

Usage notes edit

  • A plan ("set of intended actions") can be developed, executed, implemented, ignored, abandoned, scrapped, changed, etc.

Synonyms edit

2-dimensional drawing of a building

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Japanese: プラン (puran)

Translations edit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Verb edit

plan (third-person singular simple present plans, present participle planning, simple past and past participle planned)

  1. (transitive) To design (a building, machine, etc.).
    The architect planned the building for the client.
  2. (transitive) To create a plan for.
    They jointly planned the project in phases, with good detail for the first month.
  3. (intransitive) To intend.
    He planned to go, but work intervened.
    • 2013 August 10, “Can China clean up fast enough?”, in The Economist, volume 408, number 8848:
      It has jailed environmental activists and is planning to limit the power of judicial oversight by handing a state-approved body a monopoly over bringing environmental lawsuits.
  4. (intransitive) To make a plan.
    They planned for the worst, bringing lots of emergency supplies.

Usage notes edit

Conjugation edit

Derived terms edit

Translations edit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Further reading edit

Azerbaijani edit

Other scripts
Cyrillic план
Abjad پلان

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

plan (definite accusative planı, plural planlar)

  1. plan (set of intended actions), scheme
    Amma o ümidini itirmirdi, çünki artıq yeni möhtəşəm plan cızmışdı.
    But s/he didn't lose hope, because s/he had already come up with a new magnificent plan.
    beş illik planını üç il yarıma yerinə yetirməkto complete a five year plan in three and a half years
    bütün planlar pozulduall plans were ruined
  2. draft, plan, scheme, contrivance, road map
  3. layout
    arxa planbackground
    ön planforeground
    bu gündəm arxa plana keçdithis agenda faded into the background

Declension edit

    Declension of plan
singular plural
nominative plan
planlar
definite accusative planı
planları
dative plana
planlara
locative planda
planlarda
ablative plandan
planlardan
definite genitive planın
planların
    Possessive forms of plan
nominative
singular plural
mənim (my) planım planlarım
sənin (your) planın planların
onun (his/her/its) planı planları
bizim (our) planımız planlarımız
sizin (your) planınız planlarınız
onların (their) planı or planları planları
accusative
singular plural
mənim (my) planımı planlarımı
sənin (your) planını planlarını
onun (his/her/its) planını planlarını
bizim (our) planımızı planlarımızı
sizin (your) planınızı planlarınızı
onların (their) planını or planlarını planlarını
dative
singular plural
mənim (my) planıma planlarıma
sənin (your) planına planlarına
onun (his/her/its) planına planlarına
bizim (our) planımıza planlarımıza
sizin (your) planınıza planlarınıza
onların (their) planına or planlarına planlarına
locative
singular plural
mənim (my) planımda planlarımda
sənin (your) planında planlarında
onun (his/her/its) planında planlarında
bizim (our) planımızda planlarımızda
sizin (your) planınızda planlarınızda
onların (their) planında or planlarında planlarında
ablative
singular plural
mənim (my) planımdan planlarımdan
sənin (your) planından planlarından
onun (his/her/its) planından planlarından
bizim (our) planımızdan planlarımızdan
sizin (your) planınızdan planlarınızdan
onların (their) planından or planlarından planlarından
genitive
singular plural
mənim (my) planımın planlarımın
sənin (your) planının planlarının
onun (his/her/its) planının planlarının
bizim (our) planımızın planlarımızın
sizin (your) planınızın planlarınızın
onların (their) planının or planlarının planlarının

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

  • plan” in Obastan.com.

Danish edit

Etymology edit

From German Plan (project, plan), from French plan (plan, map; plane), from Latin plānus (level, flat, even), from plānus (flat, even, level), from Proto-Italic *plānos, from Proto-Indo-European *pleh₂-no-s (flattened), from *pleh₂- (flat).

Noun edit

plan c (singular definite planen, plural indefinite planer)

  1. a plan
  2. a level or plane
Declension edit

Dutch edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Borrowed from French plan, from Middle French plant.

Noun edit

plan n (plural plannen, diminutive plannetje n)

  1. A set of intended actions, through which one expects to achieve a goal: plan, plot, scheme.
  2. A technical drawing.
  3. A detailed map of a relatively small area, such as a building or settlement.
    Synonym: plattegrond
Derived terms edit
Descendants edit
  • Negerhollands: plan
  • Caribbean Javanese: plan
  • Indonesian: plan

Etymology 2 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb edit

plan

  1. inflection of plannen:
    1. first-person singular present indicative
    2. imperative

French edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From earlier plant, derived from the verb planter, or from Latin planus. Doublet of plant or plain, depending on which etymology is right.

Noun edit

plan m (plural plans)

  1. map (schematic maps of streets, subways, etc.)
    un plan du métroa subway map
  2. plane (flat surface)
    un plan inclinéan inclined plane
  3. (geometry) plane
  4. (film) shot
  5. plan
    Synonym: projet
    Quels sont tes plans pour cet été?
    What are your plans for this summer?
  6. (slang, dated) a small case inserted in the rectum in order to hide one's valuables from a full-body search
Derived terms edit
Descendants edit

Etymology 2 edit

Borrowed from Latin plānus. Doublet of plain, which was inherited, and piano.

Adjective edit

plan (feminine plane, masculine plural plans, feminine plural planes)

  1. planar
Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

Friulian edit

Etymology edit

From Latin plānus.

Adjective edit

plan

  1. flat, level, plane

Related terms edit

See also edit

Noun edit

plan m (plural plans)

  1. plane
  2. plan

German edit

Etymology edit

From Middle High German plān, from Latin plānus.

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

plan (strong nominative masculine singular planer, comparative planer, superlative am plansten)

  1. (technical) planar, flat, level, smooth
    Synonym: eben
  2. (archaic) plain, forthright
    • 1887, Otto Gradenwitz, Die Ungültigkeit obligatorischer Rechtsgeschäfte, Berlin: Weidmannsche Buchhandlung, page 108:
      [Zur Auslegung von Dig. 16, 1, 8, 2] Ferner muss man wohl sagen, dass eine so plane Wahrheit, wie die, dass im Falle des Betruges keine Intercession vorliege, nicht erst von Marcellus entdeckt worden sein kann, und dass daher nicht erst Marcellus in seinen Noten den Julianus dahin zu corrigiren brauchte; dass die Betrügerin nicht intercedirt hat, das wusste auch Julianus!
      [Regarding the interpretation of Dig. 16, 1, 8, 2] One must say furthermore fittingly that such a plain truth like that in the case of fraud there is no intercession cannot have been discovered only by Marcellus, and that hence Marcellus did not have to correct Julianus in his notes; that the fraudstress has not interceded, this was already known to Julianus!

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

See also edit

Further reading edit

  • plan” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache
  • plan” in Duden online

Indonesian edit

Etymology edit

From Dutch plan, from French plan (a ground-plot of a building), from plan (flat), a later form of the vernacular plain, from Latin planus (flat, plane). Doublet of pelan.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /plan/, [ˈplan], [pə̆ˈlan]
  • Hyphenation: plan

Noun edit

plan

  1. plan, a set of intended actions, usually mutually related, through which one expects to achieve a goal.
    Synonym: rencana

Alternative forms edit

  • pelan (Brunei, Malaysia, Singapore)

Further reading edit

Kashubian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Polish plan.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈplan/
  • Syllabification: plan

Noun edit

plan m inan

  1. plan (a set of intended actions, usually mutually related, through which one expects to achieve a goal)

Derived terms edit

verbs

Further reading edit

  • Eùgeniusz Gòłąbk (2011), “plan”, in Słownik Polsko-Kaszubski / Słowôrz Pòlskò-Kaszëbsczi, volume 2, page 425

Norwegian Bokmål edit

Etymology edit

From German Plan (project, plan), from French plan (plan, map; plane), from Latin plānus (level, flat, even), from plānus (flat, even, level), from Proto-Italic *plānos, from Proto-Indo-European *pleh₂-no-s (flattened), from *pleh₂- (flat).

Noun edit

plan m (definite singular planen, indefinite plural planer, definite plural planene)

  1. a plan
  2. a level or plane

Derived terms edit

References edit

Norwegian Nynorsk edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From German Plan, from Latin plānum.

Noun edit

plan n (definite singular planet, indefinite plural plan, definite plural plana)

  1. plane
  2. level
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun edit

plan m (definite singular planen, indefinite plural planar, definite plural planane)

  1. a plan
    Kva er planen din?What's your plan?
Derived terms edit

Etymology 3 edit

From Latin planus.

Adjective edit

plan (neuter plant, definite singular and plural plane, comparative planare, indefinite superlative planast, definite superlative planaste)

  1. plane, flat

References edit

Occitan edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

plan m (plural plans)

  1. plan (a drawing showing technical details of a building)
  2. plan (a set of intended actions)

Adjective edit

plan m (feminine singular plana, masculine plural plans, feminine plural planas)

  1. flat
    Synonym: planièr

Adverb edit

plan

  1. well
    Antonym: mal
  2. very, quite
    Synonym: fòrça
    mercés planthank you very much

Further reading edit

  • Joan de Cantalausa (2006) Diccionari general occitan a partir dels parlars lengadocians[1], 2 edition, →ISBN, page 754.

Polish edit

 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology edit

Borrowed from French plan.[1][2] Sense 1 is a semantic loan from English plan and German Plan.[3] First attested in the 19th century.[4]

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

plan m inan

  1. plan (a set of intended actions, usually mutually related, through which one expects to achieve a goal) [+ żeby (past tense/infinitive) = to do what]
    Synonym: zamysł
  2. plan (series of actions to be performed in a particular order and at a particular time)
    Synonyms: program, rozkład
  3. plan (design of a creation)
    Synonyms: szkic, zarys
  4. plan (a drawing showing technical details of a building, machine, etc., with unwanted details omitted, and often using symbols rather than detailed drawing to represent doors, valves, etc)
  5. plane (place of objects or people in a painting, drawing, theatrical stage or landscape, which is distinguished by the distance from the observer)
  6. (film) shot (range of view of the camera, resulting from its distance from the object being filmed)
  7. (film) location; set (place where a movie is filmed)
  8. all elements of the content or form of a work that have been distinguished as a result of its analysis and contrasted with the others (Is there an English equivalent to this definition?)

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

adjective
nouns
preposition
verbs
verbs

Related terms edit

adjective
adverb
nouns

Descendants edit

Trivia edit

According to Słownik frekwencyjny polszczyzny współczesnej (1990), plan is one of the most used words in Polish, appearing 21 times in scientific texts, 81 times in news, 163 times in essays, 11 times in fiction, and 16 times in plays, each out of a corpus of 100,000 words, totaling 292 times, making it the 175th most common word in a corpus of 500,000 words.[5]

References edit

  1. ^ Stanisław Dubisz, editor (2003), “plan”, in Uniwersalny słownik języka polskiego [Universal dictionary of the Polish language] (in Polish), volume 1-4, Warsaw: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN SA, →ISBN
  2. ^ Bańkowski, Andrzej (2000), “plan I”, in Etymologiczny słownik języka polskiego [Etymological Dictionary of the Polish Language] (in Polish)
  3. ^ Bańkowski, Andrzej (2000), “plan II”, in Etymologiczny słownik języka polskiego [Etymological Dictionary of the Polish Language] (in Polish)
  4. ^ Aleksander Zdanowicz (1861), “plan”, in Słownik języka polskiego, Wilno 1861
  5. ^ Ida Kurcz (1990), “plan”, in Słownik frekwencyjny polszczyzny współczesnej [Frequency dictionary of the Polish language] (in Polish), volume 1, Kraków; Warszawa: Polska Akademia Nauk. Instytut Języka Polskiego, page 372

Further reading edit

Romanian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from French plan, from Latin planus.

Noun edit

plan n (plural planuri)

  1. plan
  2. (geometry) plane

Declension edit

Adjective edit

plan m or n (feminine singular plană, masculine plural plani, feminine and neuter plural plane)

  1. planar, flat

Declension edit

Serbo-Croatian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from German Plan.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

plȃn m (Cyrillic spelling пла̑н)

  1. plan

Declension edit

Silesian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from German Plan.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈplan/
  • Rhymes: -an
  • Syllabification: plan

Noun edit

plan m inan

  1. plan (a set of intended actions, usually mutually related, through which one expects to achieve a goal)

Further reading edit

Spanish edit

Etymology edit

From plano.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈplan/ [ˈplãn]
  • Rhymes: -an
  • Syllabification: plan

Noun edit

plan m (plural planes)

  1. plan
  2. scheme (systematic plan of future action)
    Synonyms: régimen, sistema
  3. intention
  4. (colloquial) mood
    Vamos en plan rómantico.
    We’re going in a romantic mood.

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

Further reading edit

Swedish edit

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

plan (comparative planare, superlative planast)

  1. plane (flat)
    en plan yta
    a flat surface
  2. plane (level)
    Kulan rullar, så golvet är inte helt plant
    The marble rolls, so the floor isn't completely level

Declension edit

Inflection of plan
Indefinite Positive Comparative Superlative2
Common singular plan planare planast
Neuter singular plant planare planast
Plural plana planare planast
Masculine plural3 plane planare planast
Definite Positive Comparative Superlative
Masculine singular1 plane planare planaste
All plana planare planaste
1) Only used, optionally, to refer to things whose natural gender is masculine.
2) The indefinite superlative forms are only used in the predicative.
3) Dated or archaic

Noun edit

plan n

  1. (mathematics) a plane; flat surface.
  2. an airplane / aeroplane
    Synonym: flygplan
  3. a plane; level of existence
    astralplanastral plane

Declension edit

Declension of plan 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative plan planet plan planen
Genitive plans planets plans planens

Derived terms edit

See also edit

Noun edit

plan c

  1. a plan (planned actions)
    Jag har en plan
    I have a plan
  2. a delimited, relatively level and flat area (like a delimited plane) (often used for sports, but also more general); a field, a rink, a yard, etc.
    Fotbollsspelarna sprang ut på planen
    The soccer players ran out onto the field
    ishockeyplan
    ice hockey rink (also called a rink)
    gårdsplan
    courtyard
  3. a plan (drawing outlining a building, apartment, or the like, often more or less map-like)

Declension edit

Declension of plan 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative plan planen planer planerna
Genitive plans planens planers planernas

Derived terms edit

References edit

Turkish edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Ottoman Turkishپلان(plân), from French plan.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /p(i)ˈlɑn/, [p(i).ˈlɑn̪]

Noun edit

plan (definite accusative planı, plural planlar)

  1. plan
    plan yapmakto plan, to make a plan

Declension edit

Inflection
Nominative plan
Definite accusative planı
Singular Plural
Nominative plan planlar
Definite accusative planı planları
Dative plana planlara
Locative planda planlarda
Ablative plandan planlardan
Genitive planın planların
Possessive forms
Nominative
Singular Plural
1st singular planım planlarım
2nd singular planın planların
3rd singular planı planları
1st plural planımız planlarımız
2nd plural planınız planlarınız
3rd plural planları planları
Definite accusative
Singular Plural
1st singular planımı planlarımı
2nd singular planını planlarını
3rd singular planını planlarını
1st plural planımızı planlarımızı
2nd plural planınızı planlarınızı
3rd plural planlarını planlarını
Dative
Singular Plural
1st singular planıma planlarıma
2nd singular planına planlarına
3rd singular planına planlarına
1st plural planımıza planlarımıza
2nd plural planınıza planlarınıza
3rd plural planlarına planlarına
Locative
Singular Plural
1st singular planımda planlarımda
2nd singular planında planlarında
3rd singular planında planlarında
1st plural planımızda planlarımızda
2nd plural planınızda planlarınızda
3rd plural planlarında planlarında
Ablative
Singular Plural
1st singular planımdan planlarımdan
2nd singular planından planlarından
3rd singular planından planlarından
1st plural planımızdan planlarımızdan
2nd plural planınızdan planlarınızdan
3rd plural planlarından planlarından
Genitive
Singular Plural
1st singular planımın planlarımın
2nd singular planının planlarının
3rd singular planının planlarının
1st plural planımızın planlarımızın
2nd plural planınızın planlarınızın
3rd plural planlarının planlarının

Derived terms edit

References edit

  • Nişanyan, Sevan (2002–), “plan”, in Nişanyan Sözlük
  • Avery, Robert et al., editors (2013) The Redhouse Dictionary Turkish/Ottoman English, 21st edition, Istanbul: Sev Yayıncılık, →ISBN

Volapük edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

plan (nominative plural plans)

  1. plant (botany)

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

See also edit