See also: run, rùn, Rún, and rǔn

FaroeseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse rún, from Proto-Norse ᚱᚢᚾᛟ (runo), from Proto-Germanic *rūnō.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

rún f (genitive singular rúnar, plural rúnir)

  1. rune
  2. (in plural: rúnir) magic

DeclensionEdit

Declension of rún
f2 singular plural
indefinite definite indefinite definite
nominative rún rúnin rúnir rúnirnar
accusative rún rúnina rúnir rúnirnar
dative rún rúnini rúnum rúnunum
genitive rúnar rúnarinnar rúna rúnanna

IcelandicEdit

 
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EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse rún (secret; rune), from Proto-Norse ᚱᚢᚾᛟ (runo), from Proto-Germanic *rūnō.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

rún f (genitive singular rúnar, nominative plural rúnir)

  1. a rune
  2. a magical symbol
  3. (archaic or poetic) secret wisdom
  4. (obsolete) female confidant syn.

SynonymsEdit


IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish rún (mystery, secret) (Scottish Gaelic rùn, Manx roon), from Proto-Celtic *rūnā. Cognate with Welsh rhin.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

rún m (genitive singular rúin, nominative plural rúin)

  1. mystery
  2. secret
  3. secret intention, purpose
  4. secret disposition; (evil) design
  5. (formal) resolution
  6. love, affection
  7. loved one; dear one, friend

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit


MandarinEdit

RomanizationEdit

rún (Zhuyin ㄖㄨㄣˊ)

  1. Pinyin transcription of
  2. Pinyin transcription of

Old IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Celtic *rūnā. Cognate with Welsh rhin.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

rún f (genitive rúine, nominative plural rúna)

  1. mystery, secret
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 27c22
      Is airi am cimbid-se hóre no·pridchim in rúin sin.
      It is for that reason that I am a captive, because I preach that mystery.

DeclensionEdit

Feminine ā-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative rúnL rúinL rúnaH
Vocative rúnL rúinL rúnaH
Accusative rúinN rúinL rúnaH
Genitive rúineH rúnL rúnN
Dative rúinL rúnaib rúnaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

DescendantsEdit

  • Irish: rún
  • Scottish Gaelic: rùn
  • Manx: roon

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
rún
also rrún after a proclitic
rún
pronounced with /r(ʲ)-/
rún
also rrún after a proclitic
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit


Old NorseEdit

 
photograph of the inscription on the Einang stone, which may be the oldest attestation of this word

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Norse ᚱᚢᚾᛟ (runo), from Proto-Germanic *rūnō, whence also Old English rūn (secret, runic letter), Old Saxon rūna (Middle Low German rūne (whisper)), Middle High German rūne (whisper), Gothic 𐍂𐌿𐌽𐌰 (rūna, secret). Or from the Proto-Indo-European *rewH- (dig, a root). Compare German Rune and Swedish runa.

NounEdit

rún f (genitive rúnar, plural rúnar or rúnir)

  1. secret
  2. rune

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit


VietnameseEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

rún

  1. Eye dialect spelling of rốn, representing Central Vietnam and Southern Vietnam Vietnamese.