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DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈroːkə(n)/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: ro‧ken
  • Rhymes: -oːkən

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Dutch rôken. Equivalent to rook +‎ -en.

VerbEdit

roken

  1. (intransitive, transitive) to smoke (a tobacco product, another drug, a surrogate)
    We roken een sigaret.
    We are smoking a cigarette.
    Maar ik rook niet.
    But I don't smoke.
    Vroeger werd er in zeemansbuurten veel opium gerookt.
    People used to smoke a lot of opium in the sailors' districts.
  2. (intransitive) to smoke, to produce smoke
    De motor rookte enorm.
    The engine produced a great amount of smoke.
InflectionEdit
Inflection of roken (weak)
infinitive roken
past singular rookte
past participle gerookt
infinitive roken
gerund roken n
present tense past tense
1st person singular rook rookte
2nd person sing. (jij) rookt rookte
2nd person sing. (u) rookt rookte
2nd person sing. (gij) rookt rookte
3rd person singular rookt rookte
plural roken rookten
subjunctive sing.1 roke rookte
subjunctive plur.1 roken rookten
imperative sing. rook
imperative plur.1 rookt
participles rokend gerookt
1) Archaic.
DescendantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

See the etymology of the main entry.

VerbEdit

roken

  1. plural past indicative and subjunctive of ruiken
  2. plural past indicative and subjunctive of rieken

AnagramsEdit


Middle DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From rôok +‎ -en.

VerbEdit

rôken

  1. to smoke, to give off smoke
  2. to smoke, to preserve by treating with smoke

InflectionEdit

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • roken”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • roken (II)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929