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See also: Rook and röök

Contents

EnglishEdit

 
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PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

 
A rook (bird)

From Middle English rok, roke, from Old English hrōc, from Proto-Germanic *hrōkaz (compare Saterland Frisian Rouk, Dutch roek, obsolete German Ruch), from Proto-Indo-European *kerk- (crow, raven) (compare Old Irish cerc (hen), Old Prussian kerko (loon, diver), dialectal Bulgarian кро́кон (krókon, raven), Ancient Greek κόραξ (kórax, falcon), Old Armenian ագռաւ (agṙaw), Avestan 𐬐𐬀𐬵𐬭𐬐𐬀𐬙𐬀𐬝 (kahrkatat̰, rooster), Sanskrit कृकर (kṛkara, rooster)), Ukrainian крук (kruk, raven).

NounEdit

rook (plural rooks)

  1. A European bird, Corvus frugilegus, of the crow family.
    • Pennant
      The rook [] should be treated as the farmer's friend.
  2. A cheat or swindler; someone who betrays.
    • Wycherley
      I am, like an old rook, who is ruined by gaming, forced to live on the good fortune of the pushing young men.
  3. (Britain) a type of firecracker used by farmers to scare birds of the same name.
  4. A trick-taking game, usually played with a specialized deck of cards.
SynonymsEdit
HypernymsEdit
TranslationsEdit
See alsoEdit

VerbEdit

rook (third-person singular simple present rooks, present participle rooking, simple past and past participle rooked)

  1. (transitive) To cheat or swindle.
    • 1974, GB Edwards, The Book of Ebenezer Le Page, New York 2007, p. 311:
      Some had spent a week in Jersey before coming to Guernsey; and, from what Paddy had heard, they really do know how to rook the visitors over there.
SynonymsEdit
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

 
A rook (chess)

From Middle English rook, roke, rok, from Old French roc, ultimately from Persian رخ (rox), from Middle Persian lhw' (rox, rook, castle (chess)), possibly from Sanskrit रथ (ratha, chariot). Compare roc.

NounEdit

rook (plural rooks)

  1. (chess) A piece shaped like a castle tower, that can be moved only up, down, left or right (but not diagonally) or in castling.
  2. (rare) A castle or other fortification.
SynonymsEdit
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
See alsoEdit
Chess pieces in English · chess pieces, chessmen (see also: chess) (layout · text)
           
king queen castle, rook bishop knight pawn

Etymology 3Edit

From rookie.

NounEdit

rook (plural rooks)

  1. (baseball, slang) A rookie.

Etymology 4Edit

From Middle English roke, rock, rok (mist; vapour; drizzle; smoke; fumes), from Old Norse *rauk, related to Icelandic rok, roka (whirlwind; seafoam; seaspray), Middle Dutch rooc, rok, Modern Dutch rook (smoke; fog).

NounEdit

rook (uncountable)

  1. mist; fog; roke

Etymology 5Edit

VerbEdit

rook (third-person singular simple present rooks, present participle rooking, simple past and past participle rooked)

  1. (obsolete) To squat; to ruck.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Shakespeare to this entry?)

Etymology 6Edit

VerbEdit

rook (third-person singular simple present rooks, present participle rooking, simple past and past participle rooked)

  1. Eye dialect spelling of look.

AnagramsEdit


DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Dutch rôoc, from Old Dutch *rōk, from Proto-Germanic *raukiz.

NounEdit

rook m (uncountable)

  1. smoke
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Non-lemma forms.

VerbEdit

rook

  1. first-person singular present indicative of roken
  2. imperative of roken

VerbEdit

rook

  1. singular past indicative of ruiken
  2. singular past indicative of rieken

AnagramsEdit