English edit

Etymology edit

The OED classifies this word as "of obscure origin".[1] Some see a connection to Middle Dutch runt (ox), but the OED considers this to be unlikely.

Pronunciation edit

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈɹʌnt/
    • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ʌnt

Noun edit

runt (plural runts)

  1. The smallest animal of a litter.
    • 1976, Richard Dawkins, The Selfish Gene, Kindle edition, OUP Oxford, published 2016, page 168:
      Sometimes, as we have seen, one member of a litter is a runt, much smaller than the rest. He is unable to fight for food as strongly as the rest, and runts often die. We have considered the conditions under which it would actually pay a mother to let a runt die.
  2. (by extension) The smallest child in the family.
    the runt of the family
  3. Undersized or stunted plant, animal or person.
    Synonym: dwarf
  4. (slang) An uninfluential or unimportant person; a nobody.
  5. (networking) An Ethernet packet that does not meet the medium's minimum packet size of 64 bytes.
  6. (typography) A single word (or portion of a hyphenated word) that appears as the last line of a paragraph.
    Hypernym: widow
  7. A breed of pigeon related to the carrier pigeon.
  8. (obsolete, UK, dialect) A hardened stem or stalk of a plant.
  9. A bow.

Derived terms edit

Translations edit

References edit

  1. ^ Lesley Brown, editor-in-chief, Angus Stevenson and Georgia Hole, editors (2007), “runt”, in The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary on Historical Principles, 6th edition, Oxford, New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press, →ISBN.

Anagrams edit

Dutch edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

runt

  1. inflection of runnen:
    1. second/third-person singular present indicative
    2. (archaic) plural imperative

Anagrams edit

Faroese edit

Adjective edit

runt

  1. nominative/accusative neuter singular of rundur

Adverb edit

runt

  1. around

Old French edit

Adjective edit

runt m (oblique and nominative feminine singular runde)

  1. Alternative form of reont

Declension edit

Plautdietsch edit

Adjective edit

runt

  1. round, circular, spherical

Swedish edit

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

runt

  1. indefinite neuter singular of rund

Adverb edit

runt

  1. around; aimlessly (about movement)
    runt
    walk around
  2. around; at random locations
  3. around; in a manner that involves a lot of transportation

See also edit

Preposition edit

runt

  1. around; denoting a full circle
  2. around; following a path which curves near an object
  3. around (a corner)
  4. around, near (about time)
    Jag kommer runt tre.
    I'll come around three o'clock.
  5. about; all round

Synonyms edit

Derived terms edit

Yola edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Middle English rent, i-rent, past participle of renden (to tear).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ɾʊnt/, /iːˈɾʊnt/, /iːˈɾɛnt/

Verb edit

runt

  1. torn

References edit

  • Jacob Poole (d. 1827) (before 1828) William Barnes, editor, A Glossary, With some Pieces of Verse, of the old Dialect of the English Colony in the Baronies of Forth and Bargy, County of Wexford, Ireland, London: J. Russell Smith, published 1867, page 65