Bikol Central edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /saˈmaʔil/, [saˈma.ʔil̪]
  • Hyphenation: sa‧ma‧il

Noun edit

samáil (Basahan spelling ᜐᜋᜁᜎ᜔)

  1. (anatomy, angry register) foot
    Synonyms: samingkil, singkil

See also edit

Old Irish edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Celtic *samalis (similitude, description), cognate with Welsh hafal (equal)[1], from Proto-Indo-European *sm̥-h₂el-ó- (having the same upbringing), a compound of Proto-Indo-European *sm̥- (with, together) and Proto-Indo-European *h₂el- (to grow, nourish)[2] which also gave rise to Latin similis (similar) and Ancient Greek ὁμαλός (homalós, same, smooth)

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

samail f

  1. verbal noun of samlaidir
  2. likeness, similarity
  3. description
  4. simile, metaphor
  5. (with following genitive or preceding possessive) that which something is to be likened to or is like
  6. the like of, such a

Inflection edit

Feminine i-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative samail samailL samlaiH
Vocative samail samailL samlaiH
Accusative samailN samailL samlaiH
Genitive samloH, samlaH samloH, samlaH samlaeN
Dative samailL samlaib samlaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Irish: samhail
  • Scottish Gaelic: samhla

Preposition edit


  1. like, as

Derived terms edit

Mutation edit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
samail ṡamail unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References edit

  1. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009), “Samali-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN
  2. ^ Dunkel, George E. (2014), “Lexikon [Lexicon]”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Partikeln und Pronominalstämme [Lexicon of Indo-European Particles and Pronominal Stems] (Indogermanische Bibliothek. 2. Reihe: Wörterbücher) (in German), volume 2, Heidelberg: Universitätsverlag Winter GmbH Heidelberg, →ISBN, page 726

Further reading edit