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IrishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish senchas, senchus (old tales, ancient history, tradition; genealogy; traditional law), from senchae (custodian of tradition, historian) + -as, -us; senchae is from *seno-kʷoysyos (literally old witness), from Proto-Celtic *senos (old) (from Proto-Indo-European *sénos), plus a derivative of *kʷiseti (to see); see ad·cí for more. Synchronically analyzable as seancha (genealogist, historigrapher) +‎ -as

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

seanchas m (genitive singular seanchais or seanchasa)

  1. the body of historical, genealogical, etc., information that has been handed down by tradition
    1. (literary) history, lore, ancient tale (such as a fairy tale), account
      • 1919, First Dáil of Ireland, Message to the Free Nations of the World:
        I gcúrsáibh náisiúntachta, tá deighilt ó bhonn idir Éire agus Sacsa i dtaoibh cineadh is teangan, béas is nós is seanchus.
        Nationally, the race, the language, the customs and traditions of Ireland are radically distinct from the English.
      • 1920, Adam Mickiewicz, translated by Liam Ó Rinn, Leabhar na Polainne (translation of Księgi narodu polskiego i pielgrzymstwa polskiego), p. 93:
        Siniad Leabhar an Náisiúin Pholannaig agus Leabhar na nOilithreach bPolannach, leabhair nár ceapadh, ach a cnósadh a’ leabhraibh seanchuis na Polainne, []
        Those are the Book of the Polish Nation and the Book of the Polish Pilgrims, books that were not made up, but collected from the books of Polish lore, []
    2. (literary) ancient law
    3. pedigree
  2. (act of) storytelling, gossiping; chatting, inquiring about another's health, etc.
    • 1906, “Scéal Ghiolla na gCochall Craicionn”, Téacsanna ó na Gleannta, printed in E. C. Quiggin, A Dialect of Donegal, p. 231:
      Labhair sí leis ⁊ ní robh sé fonnmhar seanchas(c) air bith do dheánadh.
      She spoke to him but he was not willing to do any chatting.
    • 1929, Tomás Ó Criomhthain, An t-Oileánach, p. 65:
      Ní h-í an chomhairle sin óm’ mháthair is mó do mhaoluigh me ach bhíos ana-thugtha do sheanchas Thomáis agus thógas de rogha bheith ag éisteacht leis.
      It wasn’t this advice from my mother that moderated me the most, but I was very attached to Tomás’s storytelling, and I made the choice to listen to him.

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
seanchas sheanchas
after an, tseanchas
not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit


Scottish GaelicEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish senchas, senchus (old tales, ancient history, tradition; genealogy; traditional law).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

seanchas m (genitive singular seanchais, plural seanchasan)

  1. lore
  2. chat, talk, gossip
    Synonyms: agallamh, còmhradh

Usage notesEdit

  • Can be used as a verbal noun:
    Bha iad a' seanchas ri chèile.They were talking to each other.

MutationEdit

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
seanchas sheanchas
after "an", t-seanchas
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit