skābt

LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From an earlier *skābti, from Proto-Baltic *skāb-ti/tey, from Proto-Indo-European *skēb-, *skēbʰ- (to slice, to cut with a sharp tool), from the stem *sek- (to cut) with an extra -b(ʰ). The semantic change, apparently exclusive to Baltic languages, was: “to cut” > “to become sharp (by, for cutting)” > “to become sharp (in taste)” > “to become sour, acid.” Cognates include Lithuanian skõbti (to carve, to hollow out, to pluck), dialectal skóbti (to go sour), Old Church Slavonic скобль (skoblĭ, scraper), Russian скобель (skóbel’, plane iron, scraper), Bulgarian хобя (xóbja, to damage), Gothic 𐍃𐌺𐌰𐌱𐌰𐌽 (skaban, to shear), Old High German scaba (plane), German schaben (to scrape, to scrub), Latin scabere (to scratch, to scrape).[1]

PronunciationEdit

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VerbEdit

skābt intr., 1st conj., pres. skābstu, skābsti, skābst, past skābu

  1. (usually 3rd person) to become, go sour, acid
    piens siltumā skābst — milk goes sour in the heat
    piens sācis skābt — the milk has begun to go sour
    augsnēm ar lielu ūdens daudzumu ir pastiprināta tieksme skābt un kļūt nederīgām tādu kultūru audzēšanā, kas skābumu nepacieš — soils with a large amount of water have an increased propensity to acidify and become unfit for those cultures that cannot endure acidity
  2. (of people) to become sour, surly, irritated, frustrated
    mājās ķildīga sieva lai skābst, / pilsonis ruma un mīlas slāpst — let the peevish wife go sour at home, / a citizen is thirsty for love and rum
    bet vai tad ne no šā, ne no tā var tikai skābt? nebūt ne! ja vien cilvēks pēc dabas nav sirdīgs īgņa — but should one really go sour not from this, not from that (= for no reason)? not at all! unless one is by nature a grumbler

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

prefixed verbs:
  • apskābt
  • ieskābt
  • paskābt
  • pieskābt
  • pārskābt
  • saskābt
other derived terms:
  • skābināt

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “skābt” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.
Last modified on 9 September 2013, at 04:17