From Middle English slouthe, slewthe (“laziness”), from Old English slǣwþ (“sloth, indolence, laziness, inertness, torpor”), from Proto-Germanic *slaiwiþō (“slowness, lateness”), equivalent to slow + -th. Cognate with Scots sleuth (“sloth, slowness”).
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /sləʊθ/, /slɒθ/
- (General American) IPA(key): /slɔθ/
- (cot–caught merger, Canada) IPA(key): /slɑθ/
- (General New Zealand) IPA(key): /slɒθ/
- Rhymes: -əʊθ, -ɒθ
Audio (UK) (file)
- (uncountable) Laziness; slowness in the mindset; disinclination to action or labour.
- [They] change their course to pleasure, ease, and sloth.
- Sloth, like rust, consumes faster than labour wears.
- (countable) A herbivorous, arboreal South American mammal of the families Megalonychidae and Bradypodidae, noted for its slowness and inactivity.
- (rare) A collective term for a group of bears.
Sloth is one of the seven deadly sins.
- (animal): two-toed sloth
- sloth in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913
- sloth in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911