spondeo

IdoEdit

NounEdit

spondeo (plural spondei)

  1. spondee

ItalianEdit

 
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PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /sponˈdɛ.o/
  • Rhymes: -ɛo
  • Hyphenation: spon‧dè‧o

NounEdit

spondeo m (plural spondei)

  1. spondee

AnagramsEdit


LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Italic *spondeō, from Proto-Indo-European *spondéyeti, causative verb from *spend- (to perform a rite, make an offering). Cognates include Ancient Greek σπένδω (spéndō, libate), σπονδή (spondḗ, libation).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

spondeō (present infinitive spondēre, perfect active spopondī, supine spōnsum); second conjugation

  1. I promise, bind or pledge myself, contract, vow.
    Synonyms: despondeo, voveo, polliceor, ostento
  2. I guarantee
  3. I promise for another; I become security for a person, enter bail.
  4. I promise or engage in marriage, betroth.

ConjugationEdit

  • This verb has only limited passive conjugation; only third-person passive forms are attested in surviving sources. The third principal part may be spopondī or spepondī.
   Conjugation of spondeō (second conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present spondeō spondēs spondet spondēmus spondētis spondent
imperfect spondēbam spondēbās spondēbat spondēbāmus spondēbātis spondēbant
future spondēbō spondēbis spondēbit spondēbimus spondēbitis spondēbunt
perfect spopondī,
spepondī
spopondistī,
spepondistī
spopondit,
spepondit
spopondimus,
spepondimus
spopondistis,
spepondistis
spopondērunt,
spopondēre,
spepondērunt,
spepondēre
pluperfect spoponderam,
speponderam
spoponderās,
speponderās
spoponderat,
speponderat
spoponderāmus,
speponderāmus
spoponderātis,
speponderātis
spoponderant,
speponderant
future perfect spoponderō,
speponderō
spoponderis,
speponderis
spoponderit,
speponderit
spoponderimus,
speponderimus
spoponderitis,
speponderitis
spoponderint,
speponderint
sigmatic future1 spōnsō spōnsis spōnsit spōnsimus spōnsitis spōnsint
passive present spondeor spondēris,
spondēre
spondētur spondēmur spondēminī spondentur
imperfect spondēbar spondēbāris,
spondēbāre
spondēbātur spondēbāmur spondēbāminī spondēbantur
future spondēbor spondēberis,
spondēbere
spondēbitur spondēbimur spondēbiminī spondēbuntur
perfect spōnsus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect spōnsus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect spōnsus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present spondeam spondeās spondeat spondeāmus spondeātis spondeant
imperfect spondērem spondērēs spondēret spondērēmus spondērētis spondērent
perfect spoponderim,
speponderim
spoponderīs,
speponderīs
spoponderit,
speponderit
spoponderīmus,
speponderīmus
spoponderītis,
speponderītis
spoponderint,
speponderint
pluperfect spopondissem,
spepondissem
spopondissēs,
spepondissēs
spopondisset,
spepondisset
spopondissēmus,
spepondissēmus
spopondissētis,
spepondissētis
spopondissent,
spepondissent
sigmatic aorist1 spōnsim spōnsīs spōnsīt spōnsīmus spōnsītis spōnsint
passive present spondear spondeāris,
spondeāre
spondeātur spondeāmur spondeāminī spondeantur
imperfect spondērer spondērēris,
spondērēre
spondērētur spondērēmur spondērēminī spondērentur
perfect spōnsus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect spōnsus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present spondē spondēte
future spondētō spondētō spondētōte spondentō
passive present spondēre spondēminī
future spondētor spondētor spondentor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives spondēre spopondisse,
spepondisse
spōnsūrum esse spondērī spōnsum esse spōnsum īrī
participles spondēns spōnsūrus spōnsus spondendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
spondendī spondendō spondendum spondendō spōnsum spōnsū

1At least one use of the archaic "sigmatic future" and "sigmatic aorist" tenses is attested, which are used by Old Latin writers; most notably Plautus and Terence. The sigmatic future is generally ascribed a future or future perfect meaning, while the sigmatic aorist expresses a possible desire ("might want to").

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit