spondeo (plural spondei)

  1. spondee


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  • IPA(key): /sponˈdɛ.o/
  • Rhymes: -ɛo
  • Hyphenation: spon‧dè‧o


spondeo m (plural spondei)

  1. spondee




From Proto-Italic *spondeō, from Proto-Indo-European *spondéyeti, causative verb from *spend- (to perform a rite, make an offering). Cognates include Ancient Greek σπένδω (spéndō, libate), σπονδή (spondḗ, libation).



spondeō (present infinitive spondēre, perfect active spopondī, supine spōnsum); second conjugation

  1. I promise, bind or pledge myself, contract, vow.
  2. I guarantee
  3. I promise for another; I become security for a person, enter bail.
  4. I promise or engage in marriage, betroth.


  • This verb has only limited passive conjugation; only third-person passive forms are attested in surviving sources. The third principal part may be spopondī or spepondī.
   Conjugation of spondeō (second conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present spondeō spondēs spondet spondēmus spondētis spondent
imperfect spondēbam spondēbās spondēbat spondēbāmus spondēbātis spondēbant
future spondēbō spondēbis spondēbit spondēbimus spondēbitis spondēbunt
perfect spopondī, spepondī spopondistī, spepondistī spopondit, spepondit spopondimus, spepondimus spopondistis, spepondistis spopondērunt, spopondēre, spepondērunt, spepondēre
pluperfect spoponderam, speponderam spoponderās, speponderās spoponderat, speponderat spoponderāmus, speponderāmus spoponderātis, speponderātis spoponderant, speponderant
future perfect spoponderō, speponderō spoponderis, speponderis spoponderit, speponderit spoponderimus, speponderimus spoponderitis, speponderitis spoponderint, speponderint
passive present spondeor spondēris, spondēre spondētur spondēmur spondēminī spondentur
imperfect spondēbar spondēbāris, spondēbāre spondēbātur spondēbāmur spondēbāminī spondēbantur
future spondēbor spondēberis, spondēbere spondēbitur spondēbimur spondēbiminī spondēbuntur
perfect spōnsus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect spōnsus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect spōnsus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present spondeam spondeās spondeat spondeāmus spondeātis spondeant
imperfect spondērem spondērēs spondēret spondērēmus spondērētis spondērent
perfect spoponderim, speponderim spoponderīs, speponderīs spoponderit, speponderit spoponderīmus, speponderīmus spoponderītis, speponderītis spoponderint, speponderint
pluperfect spopondissem, spepondissem spopondissēs, spepondissēs spopondisset, spepondisset spopondissēmus, spepondissēmus spopondissētis, spepondissētis spopondissent, spepondissent
passive present spondear spondeāris, spondeāre spondeātur spondeāmur spondeāminī spondeantur
imperfect spondērer spondērēris, spondērēre spondērētur spondērēmur spondērēminī spondērentur
perfect spōnsus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect spōnsus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present spondē spondēte
future spondētō spondētō spondētōte spondentō
passive present spondēre spondēminī
future spondētor spondētor spondentor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives spondēre spopondisse, spepondisse spōnsūrum esse spondērī spōnsum esse spōnsum īrī
participles spondēns spōnsūrus spōnsus spondendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
spondendī spondendō spondendum spondendō spōnsum spōnsū

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit


  • spondeo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • spondeo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • spondeo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • spondeo in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin
  • Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN