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From dē- +‎ spondeō (promise solemnly; bond, engage).



dēspondeō (present infinitive dēspondēre, perfect active dēspondī, supine dēspōnsum); second conjugation

  1. I promise (to give), pledge, devote to.
  2. I promise in marriage, betroth, engage.
  3. (figuratively) I give up, yield, resign, lose courage, despair, despond.


   Conjugation of despondeo (second conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present dēspondeō dēspondēs dēspondet dēspondēmus dēspondētis dēspondent
imperfect dēspondēbam dēspondēbās dēspondēbat dēspondēbāmus dēspondēbātis dēspondēbant
future dēspondēbō dēspondēbis dēspondēbit dēspondēbimus dēspondēbitis dēspondēbunt
perfect dēspondī dēspondistī dēspondit dēspondimus dēspondistis dēspondērunt, dēspondēre
pluperfect dēsponderam dēsponderās dēsponderat dēsponderāmus dēsponderātis dēsponderant
future perfect dēsponderō dēsponderis dēsponderit dēsponderimus dēsponderitis dēsponderint
passive present dēspondeor dēspondēris, dēspondēre dēspondētur dēspondēmur dēspondēminī dēspondentur
imperfect dēspondēbar dēspondēbāris, dēspondēbāre dēspondēbātur dēspondēbāmur dēspondēbāminī dēspondēbantur
future dēspondēbor dēspondēberis, dēspondēbere dēspondēbitur dēspondēbimur dēspondēbiminī dēspondēbuntur
perfect dēspōnsus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect dēspōnsus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect dēspōnsus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present dēspondeam dēspondeās dēspondeat dēspondeāmus dēspondeātis dēspondeant
imperfect dēspondērem dēspondērēs dēspondēret dēspondērēmus dēspondērētis dēspondērent
perfect dēsponderim dēsponderīs dēsponderit dēsponderīmus dēsponderītis dēsponderint
pluperfect dēspondissem dēspondissēs dēspondisset dēspondissēmus dēspondissētis dēspondissent
passive present dēspondear dēspondeāris, dēspondeāre dēspondeātur dēspondeāmur dēspondeāminī dēspondeantur
imperfect dēspondērer dēspondērēris, dēspondērēre dēspondērētur dēspondērēmur dēspondērēminī dēspondērentur
perfect dēspōnsus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect dēspōnsus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present dēspondē dēspondēte
future dēspondētō dēspondētō dēspondētōte dēspondentō
passive present dēspondēre dēspondēminī
future dēspondētor dēspondētor dēspondentor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives dēspondēre dēspondisse dēspōnsūrus esse dēspondērī dēspōnsus esse dēspōnsum īrī
participles dēspondēns dēspōnsūrus dēspōnsus dēspondendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
dēspondēre dēspondendī dēspondendō dēspondendum dēspōnsum dēspōnsū

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit



  • despondeo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • despondeo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • despondeo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to betroth one's daughter to some one: filiam alicui despondere
    • to betroth oneself, get engaged: sibi (aliquam) despondere (of the man)