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HungarianEdit

EtymologyEdit

súg (to whisper) +‎ -ár (noun-forming suffix). The verb súg has a sound-immitating origin of rustling sound, so the original meaning of sugár may have been a rustling object. The several other current meanings are the result of a name transfer process. The geometry sense of radius was patterned after Latin, compare radius (ray; staff, rod; spoke of a wheel).[1]

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈʃuɡaːr]
  • Hyphenation: su‧gár

NounEdit

sugár (plural sugarak)

  1. ray, beam (of light or radiation)
  2. jet, spurt, stream (of liquid)
  3. (geometry) radius (a line segment between any point of a circle or sphere and its center)

DeclensionEdit

Inflection (stem in -a-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative sugár sugarak
accusative sugarat sugarakat
dative sugárnak sugaraknak
instrumental sugárral sugarakkal
causal-final sugárért sugarakért
translative sugárrá sugarakká
terminative sugárig sugarakig
essive-formal sugárként sugarakként
essive-modal
inessive sugárban sugarakban
superessive sugáron sugarakon
adessive sugárnál sugaraknál
illative sugárba sugarakba
sublative sugárra sugarakra
allative sugárhoz sugarakhoz
elative sugárból sugarakból
delative sugárról sugarakról
ablative sugártól sugaraktól
Possessive forms of sugár
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. sugaram sugaraim
2nd person sing. sugarad sugaraid
3rd person sing. sugara sugarai
1st person plural sugarunk sugaraink
2nd person plural sugaratok sugaraitok
3rd person plural sugaruk sugaraik

Derived termsEdit

(Compound words):

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Zaicz, Gábor. Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (’Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN

Further readingEdit

  • sugár in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh: A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962.