See also: Ray, rày, rầy, ra'y, and -raþ

English edit

 
Rays from the sun (1)
 
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Wikipedia Wikipedia

Pronunciation edit

  • enPR: , IPA(key): /ɹeɪ/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -eɪ

Etymology 1 edit

Via Middle English, borrowed from Old French rai, from Latin radius (staff, stake, spoke). Doublet of radius.

Noun edit

ray (plural rays)

  1. A beam of light or radiation.
    I saw a ray of light through the clouds.
  2. (zoology) A rib-like reinforcement of bone or cartilage in a fish's fin.
  3. (zoology) One of the spheromeres of a radiate, especially one of the arms of a starfish or an ophiuran.
  4. (botany) A radiating part of a flower or plant; the marginal florets of a compound flower, such as an aster or a sunflower; one of the pedicels of an umbel or other circular flower cluster; radius.
  5. (obsolete) Sight; perception; vision; from an old theory of vision, that sight was something which proceeded from the eye to the object seen.
  6. (mathematics) A line extending indefinitely in one direction from a point.
  7. (colloquial) A tiny amount.
    Unfortunately he didn't have a ray of hope.
Hyponyms edit
Derived terms edit
Terms derived from ray
Translations edit

Verb edit

ray (third-person singular simple present rays, present participle raying, simple past and past participle rayed)

  1. (transitive) To emit something as if in rays.
    • 1889, Robert Browning, letter to Dr. Furnivall:
      I had no particular woman in my mind; certainly never intended to personify wisdom, philosophy, or any other abstraction; and the orb, raying colour out of whiteness, was altogether a fancy of my own.
  2. (intransitive) To radiate as if in rays.
  3. (transitive) To expose to radiation.
    • 1928, Archives of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, page 219:
      Rats' eyes with ulcus serpens were successfully treated; one second of raying stopped the progress of the ulcer, which healed uninterruptedly.
Translations edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Middle English raye, rayȝe, from Old French raie, from Latin raia, of uncertain origin. Compare Middle English reyhhe, reihe, reȝge (ray, skate), from Old English reohhe (ray).

Noun edit

ray (plural rays)

  1. A marine fish with a flat body, large wing-like fins, and a whip-like tail.
Derived terms edit
Translations edit

Etymology 3 edit

Shortened from array.

Verb edit

ray (third-person singular simple present rays, present participle raying, simple past and past participle rayed)

  1. (obsolete) To arrange. [14th–18th c.]
  2. (now rare) To dress, array (someone). [from 14th c.]
  3. (obsolete) To stain or soil; to defile. [16th–19th c.]

Noun edit

ray (uncountable)

  1. (obsolete) Array; order; arrangement; dress.

Etymology 4 edit

From its sound, by analogy with the letters chay, jay, gay, kay, which it resembles graphically.

Noun edit

ray (plural rays)

  1. The letter ⟨/⟩, one of two which represent the r sound in Pitman shorthand.
Related terms edit
  • ar, in Latin and the name of the other Pitman r

Etymology 5 edit

Alternative forms.

Noun edit

ray (plural rays)

  1. (music) Alternative form of re

Anagrams edit

Ainu edit

Etymology edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

ray (Kana spelling ラィ)

  1. (intransitive) to die

Derived terms edit

Bikol Central edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈɾaj/, [ˈɾaɪ̯]

Noun edit

ray

  1. Clipping of rahay.

Buhi'non Bikol edit

Noun edit

ray

  1. good

Derived terms edit

Northern Kurdish edit

Etymology edit

From Arabicرَأْي(raʔy).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ray ?

  1. opinion

Turkish edit

Etymology edit

From Ottoman Turkishرای⁩, from French rail.

Noun edit

ray (definite accusative rayı, plural raylar)

  1. rail

Declension edit

Inflection
Nominative ray
Definite accusative rayı
Singular Plural
Nominative ray raylar
Definite accusative rayı rayları
Dative raya raylara
Locative rayda raylarda
Ablative raydan raylardan
Genitive rayın rayların
Possessive forms
Nominative
Singular Plural
1st singular rayım raylarım
2nd singular rayın rayların
3rd singular rayı rayları
1st plural rayımız raylarımız
2nd plural rayınız raylarınız
3rd plural rayları rayları
Definite accusative
Singular Plural
1st singular rayımı raylarımı
2nd singular rayını raylarını
3rd singular rayını raylarını
1st plural rayımızı raylarımızı
2nd plural rayınızı raylarınızı
3rd plural raylarını raylarını
Dative
Singular Plural
1st singular rayıma raylarıma
2nd singular rayına raylarına
3rd singular rayına raylarına
1st plural rayımıza raylarımıza
2nd plural rayınıza raylarınıza
3rd plural raylarına raylarına
Locative
Singular Plural
1st singular rayımda raylarımda
2nd singular rayında raylarında
3rd singular rayında raylarında
1st plural rayımızda raylarımızda
2nd plural rayınızda raylarınızda
3rd plural raylarında raylarında
Ablative
Singular Plural
1st singular rayımdan raylarımdan
2nd singular rayından raylarından
3rd singular rayından raylarından
1st plural rayımızdan raylarımızdan
2nd plural rayınızdan raylarınızdan
3rd plural raylarından raylarından
Genitive
Singular Plural
1st singular rayımın raylarımın
2nd singular rayının raylarının
3rd singular rayının raylarının
1st plural rayımızın raylarımızın
2nd plural rayınızın raylarınızın
3rd plural raylarının raylarının
Predicative forms
Singular Plural
1st singular rayım raylarım
2nd singular raysın raylarsın
3rd singular ray
raydır
raylar
raylardır
1st plural rayız raylarız
2nd plural raysınız raylarsınız
3rd plural raylar raylardır

References edit

  • Avery, Robert et al., editors (2013) The Redhouse Dictionary Turkish/Ottoman English, 21st edition, Istanbul: Sev Yayıncılık, →ISBN