Afar edit

Etymology edit

Cognate with Saho suge.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /suˈɡe/, [sʊˈɡɛ]
  • Hyphenation: su‧ge

Verb edit

sugé

  1. (intransitive) remain
  2. (intransitive) continue
  3. (transitive, + h-case) come across
  4. (auxiliary) In the perfective, with the affirmative perfective of a verb, used to form the past perfect.
  5. (auxiliary) In the prospective, with the affirmative perfective of a verb, used to form the future perfect.
  6. (auxiliary) In the imperfective, with the -k converb of a verb, used to form the past progressive.
  7. (auxiliary) In the prospective, with the -k converb of a verb, used to form the future progressive.
  8. (auxiliary) In the imperfective, postpositioned by -k, with the perfective of a verb, used to form the perfect conditional.

Conjugation edit

    Conjugation of suge (type II verb)
1st singular 2nd singular 3rd singular 1st plural 2nd plural 3rd plural
m f
perfective V-affirmative sugéh sugtéh sugéh sugtéh sugnéh sugteeníh sugeeníh
N-affirmative sugé sugté sugé sugté sugné sugtén sugén
negative másuginniyo másuginnito másuginna másuginna másuginnino másuginniton másuginnon
imperfective V-affirmative sugáh sugtáh sugáh sugtáh sugnáh sugtaanáh sugaanáh
N-affirmative sugá sugtá sugá sugtá sugná sugtán sugán
negative másuga másugta másuga másugta másugna másugtan másugan
prospective V-affirmative sugéliyoh
sugéyyoh
sugélitoh
sugéttoh
sugéleh sugéleh sugélinoh
sugénnoh
sugélitoonuh
sugéttoonuh
sugéloonuh
N-affirmative sugéliyo
sugéyyo
sugélito
sugétto
sugéle sugéle sugélino
sugénno
sugéliton
sugétton
sugélon
conjunctive I V-affirmative súguh súgtuh súguh súgtuh súguh sugtóonuh sugóonuh
N-affirmative súgu súgtu súgu súgtu súgu sugtón sugón
negative sugé wáyuh sugé wáytuh sugé wáyuh sugé wáytuh sugé wáynuh sugé waytóonuh sugé wóonuh
conjunctive II V-affirmative sugánkeh sugtánkeh sugánkeh sugtánkeh sugnánkeh sugtaanánkeh sugaanánkeh
N-affirmative sugánke sugtánke sugánke sugtánke sugnánke sugtaanánke sugaanánke
negative sugé wáankeh sugé waytánkeh sugé wáankeh sugé waytánkeh sugé waynánkeh sugé waytaanánkeh sugé wáankeh
jussive affirmative súgay súgtay súgay súgtay súgay sugtóonay sugóonay
negative sugé wáay sugé wáytay sugé wáay sugé wáytay sugé wáynay sugé waytóonay sugé wóonay
past
conditional
affirmative suginniyóy suginnitóy suginnáy suginnáy suginninóy suginnitoonúy suginnoonúy
negative sugé wanniyóy sugé wannitóy sugé wannáy sugé wannáy sugé wanninóy sugé wannitoonúy sugé wanninoonúy
present
conditional I
affirmative sugék sugték sugék sugték sugnék sugteeník sugeeník
negative sugé wéek sugé wayték sugé wéek sugé wayték sugé waynék sugé wayteeník sugé weeník
singular plural singular plural
consultative affirmative sugóo sugnóo imperative affirmative súg súga
negative masugóo masugnóo negative másugin másugina
-h converb -i form -k converb -in(n)uh converb -innuk converb infinitive indefinite participle
V-focus N-focus
súgah súgi súgak sugínnuh sugínnuk sugíyya sugináanih sugináan
Compound tenses
past perfect affirmative perfective + perfective of én or sugé
present perfect affirmative perfective + imperfective of én
future perfect affirmative perfective + prospective of sugé
past progressive -k converb + imperfective of én or sugé
present progressive affirmative imperfect + imperfective of én
future progressive -k converb + prospective of sugé
immediate future affirmative conjunctive I + imperfective of wée
imperfect potential I affirmative conjunctive I + imperfective of takké
imperfect
potential II
affirmative imperfective + -m + takké
negative sugé + imperfective of wée + -m + takké
perfect
potential
affirmative perfective + -m + takké
negative sugé + perfective of wée + -m + takké
present
conditional II
affirmative imperfective + object pronoun + tekkék
negative sugé + perfective of wée + object pronoun + tekkék
perfect
conditional
affirmative perfective + imperfective of sugé + -k
negative perfective + sugé + imperfective of wée -k
irrealis sugé + perfective of xaaxé or raaré

References edit

  • E. M. Parker, R. J. Hayward (1985) “suge”, in An Afar-English-French dictionary (with Grammatical Notes in English), University of London, →ISBN
  • Mohamed Hassan Kamil (2015) L’afar: description grammaticale d’une langue couchitique (Djibouti, Erythrée et Ethiopie)[2], Paris: Université Sorbonne Paris Cité (doctoral thesis), page 301

Basque edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Basque *suge.

Pronunciation edit

  • (file)
  • IPA(key): /s̺uɡe/, [s̺u.ɣ̞e̞]

Noun edit

suge anim

  1. snake

Declension edit

Further reading edit

  • "suge" in Euskaltzaindiaren Hiztegia [Dictionary of the Basque Academy], euskaltzaindia.eus
  • suge” in Orotariko Euskal Hiztegia [General Basque Dictionary], euskaltzaindia.eus

Danish edit

Etymology edit

From Old Norse súga, from Proto-Germanic *sūganą, from Proto-Indo-European *sug-, *suk-.

Verb edit

suge (imperative sug, infinitive at suge, present tense suger, past tense sugede, perfect tense suget)

  1. to suck

Further reading edit

Japanese edit

Romanization edit

suge

  1. Rōmaji transcription of すげ

Latin edit

Verb edit

sūge

  1. second-person singular present active imperative of sūgō

Middle English edit

Noun edit

suge

  1. Alternative form of sowe

Norwegian Bokmål edit

Etymology edit

From Old Norse súga, from Proto-Germanic *sūganą, from Proto-Indo-European *sug-, *suk-.

Verb edit

suge (imperative sug, present tense suger, passive suges, simple past saug or suga or sugde or suget, past participle suga or sugd or suget, present participle sugende)

  1. to suck
  2. (often suge opp) to absorb

Synonyms edit

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

References edit

Norwegian Nynorsk edit

Verb edit

suge (present tense syg, past tense saug, supine soge, past participle sogen, present participle sugande, imperative sug)

  1. Alternative form of suga

Old Prussian edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Balto-Slavic *suś-, *suk- (hence Proto-Slavic *sъsati “to suck”)[1], from Proto-Indo-European *sew(H)- “juice; liquid”, with the semantic shift “to suck” > “to trickle, seep” > “rain” also apprearing in Ancient Greek and Tocharian. Cognate with Latvian sùkt, Latin sūcus (juice), Polish ssać[2].

Noun edit

suge f [3][4]

  1. rain, downpour
    • Elbing German-Prussian Vocabulary
      Reyn   Aglo
      [...]
      Reynen   Suge

Synonyms edit

References edit

  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015) “sūkt”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 552
  2. ^ Pokorny, Julius (2007), “seu-¹, seʷǝ- : sū-”, in An Etymological Dictionary of the Proto-Indo-European Language (revised and published by Indo-European Language Revival Association), page 2639-2640
  3. ^ Mažiulis, Vytautas (1997) “suge”, in Prūsų kalbos etimologijos žodynas [Etymological dictionary of Old Prussian]‎[1] (in Lithuanian), volume IV, Vilnius: Mokslo ir enciklopedijų leidybos institutas, page 167
  4. ^ G. H. F. Nesselmann (1873) “suge”, in Thesaurus linguae prussicae. Der preussische Vocabelvorrath [...] (in German), Berlin: Harrwitz & Gossmann, page 180

Romanian edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Inherited from Latin sūgere, present active infinitive of sūgō, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *sug-, *suk-.

Verb edit

a suge (third-person singular present suge, past participle supt) 3rd conj.

  1. to suck
Conjugation edit
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Forms of the above word

Verb edit

suge

  1. inflection of suge:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

References edit