Afar

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Pronunciation

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Suffix

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-m

  1. Used to form (pro)nouns taking on the quality of the suffixed determiners, numbers, verbs and nouns.
    (my) + ‎-m → ‎yím (mine (my something))

Usage notes

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  • When added to a noun, the suffix is added to a genitive:
    áwka (boy) + ‎-m → ‎awkím (the boy's thing)

Derived terms

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References

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  • E. M. Parker, R. J. Hayward (1985) An Afar-English-French dictionary (with Grammatical Notes in English), University of London, →ISBN, page 236

Estonian

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Etymology 1

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From Proto-Finnic *-mpi, cognate to Finnish -mpi.

Suffix

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-m

  1. Forms comparative adjectives.

Etymology 2

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From Proto-Finnic *-ma, cognate to Finnish -ma.

Suffix

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-m

  1. Forms nouns from verbs.
    koguma (to collect)kogum (collection, complex, group of items or objects)
    valima (to select)valim (sample (in statistics))
    hõljuma (to float)hõljum (plankton)
Derived terms
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Hungarian

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Etymology 1

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Possibly from Proto-Uralic *mᴕ̈ (I); see also én (I). Cognate with Northern Mansi (-m, my).

Suffix

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-m

  1. (possessive suffix) my (first-person singular, single possession)
  2. (personal suffix) First-person singular personal suffix:
    1. Definite forms of transitive verbs (followed by a linking vowel in indicative present/past and subjunctive moods; with no linking vowel in conditional mood).
      tud (to know) → ‎tudom, tudtam, tudjam, tudnám (I know / knew / should know / would know it)
      kér (to ask [for sth]) → ‎kérem, kértem, kérjem, kérném (I ask / asked / should ask / would ask for it)
    2. Indefinite forms of -ik verbs.
      alszik (to sleep) + ‎-m → ‎alszom (I sleep)
    3. Forming conjugated infinitives (here: “for me to do something”).
      tanulni (to study) + ‎-m → ‎tanulnom kell (I need to study, literally for_me_to_study is_necessary)
      Csak kérnem kell.All I have to do is ask [for it]. (literally, “only for_me_to_ask is_necessary”)
    4. Declined and postpositional forms of the first-person personal pronoun én (I).
      -ban/-ben (in) + ‎-m → ‎bennem (in me)
      elé (in front of) + ‎-m → ‎elém (in front of me)
Usage notes
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  • (possessive suffix) Variants:
    -m is added to words ending in a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-. Final -e changes to -é-.
    hajó (boat) + ‎-m → ‎a hajóm (my boat)
    kocsi (car) + ‎-m → ‎a kocsim (my car)
    palota (palace) + ‎-m → ‎a palotám (my palace)
    érme (coin) + ‎-m → ‎az érmém (my coin)
    -am is added to some back-vowel words ending in a consonant
    ház (house) + ‎-am → ‎a házam (my house)
    -om is added to the other back-vowel words ending in a consonant
    kor (age) + ‎-om → ‎a korom (my age)
    -em is added to unrounded (and some rounded) front-vowel words ending in a consonant
    kert (garden) + ‎-em → ‎a kertem (my garden)
    fül (ear) + ‎-em → ‎a fülem (my ear)
    -öm is added to most rounded front-vowel words ending in a consonant
    öröm (joy) + ‎-öm → ‎az örömöm (my joy)

Etymology 2

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It can be traced back to the Proto-Uralic *-m.[1]

Suffix

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-m

  1. (noun-forming suffix, obsolete) Added to a verb (or rarely to a noun) to form a noun. No longer productive in this sense.
    öröm, álom, folyam
    alom, orom, m
  2. (frequentative verb-forming suffix, obsolete) No longer productive in this sense.
    élemedett (elderly)

See also

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References

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  1. ^ -m in Zaicz, Gábor (ed.). Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (‘Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN.  (See also its 2nd edition.)

Ilocano

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Pronoun

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{head|ilo|pronoun}}

  1. Alternative form of -mo (used before vowels and suffixes -en and -an)

See also

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Marshallese

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Alternative forms

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Pronunciation

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Suffix

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-m

  1. and

References

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Old Irish

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Etymology

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From Proto-Celtic *-mus.[1]

Suffix

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-m m

  1. Forms verbal nouns of A III (hiatus) verbs

Inflection

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Masculine u-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative -m -mL -mae
Vocative -m -mL -mu
Accusative -mN -mL -mu
Genitive -moH, -maH -mo, -ma -maeN
Dative -mL -maib -maib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

References

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  1. ^ Gordon, Randall Clark (2012) Derivational Morphology of the Early Irish Verbal Noun, Los Angeles: University of California, pages 108-111

Phalura

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Etymology

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(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation

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Suffix

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-m

  1. Plural suffix (with m-declension nouns)

References

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  • Liljegren, Henrik, Haider, Naseem (2011) Palula Vocabulary (FLI Language and Culture Series; 7)‎[1], Islamabad, Pakistan: Forum for Language Initiatives, →ISBN

Polish

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Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /m/
  • Syllabification: m

Etymology 1

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From earlier -śm, a contraction of Old Polish jeśm, from Proto-Slavic *esmь.

Suffix

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-m

  1. past-tense first-person singular suffix
    robić + ‎-m → ‎robiłem
    oglądać + ‎-m → ‎oglądałem

Alternative forms

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  • -em (after a consonant)

See also

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Etymology 2

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Inherited from Old Polish -m, from Proto-Slavic [Term?], from Proto-Indo-European [Term?].

Suffix

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-m

  1. first-person singular suffix
    oglądać + ‎-m → ‎oglądam

Further reading

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  • -m in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Quechua

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Alternative forms

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  • (after consonants) -mi
  • -n

Suffix

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-m

  1. Evidential suffix, first-hand information. Indicates that the speaker has direct evidence/knowledge of some fact, having experienced it, seen it, heard it, etc.
    Ñuqa runasimitam rimani. Qusqumantam kani.
    I speak Quechua. I am from Cusco.
    Allqukunaqa chawa aychatam mikhunku.
    Dogs eat raw meat.
  2. Used to mark an open-ended question; more informal than -taq
    Maymantam kanki?
    Where are you from?

See also

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Turkish

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Suffix

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-m

  1. First-person singular possessive suffix denoting singular possession in words ending in a vowel.
    kedi - kedim
    cat - my cat

Usage notes

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Uzbek

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Suffix

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postconsonantal -im
postvocalic -m

-m (Cyrillic spelling )

  1. Form of -im after a vowel.
    Bu ruchkam.
    This is my ball pen.