- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /əbˈzɔːb/, /əbˈsɔːb/
- (US) IPA(key): /æbˈsɔrb/, /æbˈzɔrb/, /əbˈsɔrb/, /əbˈzɔrb/
Audio (US) (file)
- Rhymes: -ɔː(r)b
- (transitive) To include so that it no longer has separate existence; to overwhelm; to cause to disappear as if by swallowing up; to incorporate; to assimilate; to take in and use up. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]
- (transitive, obsolete) To engulf, as in water; to swallow up. [Attested from the late 15th century until the late 18th century.]
1879, Thomas Burnet, The Sacred Theory of the Earth:
- to be absorpt, or swallowed up, in a lake of fire and brimstone.
- (transitive) To suck up; to drink in; to imbibe; as a sponge or as the lacteals of the body; to chemically take in. [First attested in the early 17th century.]
- (transitive, physics, chemistry) To take in energy and convert it, as[First attested in the early 18th century.]
- (transitive, physics) in receiving a physical impact or vibration without recoil.
- (transitive, physics) in receiving sound energy without repercussion or echo.
- (transitive, physics) taking in radiant energy and converting it to a different form of energy, like heat.
- Heat, light, and electricity are absorbed in the substances into which they pass.
- (transitive) To engross or engage wholly; to occupy fully; as, absorbed in study or in the pursuit of wealth. [First attested in the late 18th century.]
- (transitive) To occupy or consume time. [First attested in the mid 19th century.]
- (transitive) Assimilate mentally. [First attested in the late 19th century.]
- (transitive, business) To assume or pay for as part of a commercial transaction.
- (transitive) To defray the costs.
- (transitive) To accept or purchase in quantity.
Conjugation of absorb
- (to include so that it no longer has separate existence): assimilate, engulf, incorporate, swallow up, overwhelm
- (to suck up or drink in): draw, drink in, imbibe, soak up, sop up, suck, suck up, steep, take in, take up
- (to consume completely): use up
- (to occupy fully): engage, engross, immerse, monopolize, occupy
- (finance: to assume or pay for): assume, bear, pay for
to take in
- (physics: to take up by chemical or physical action): emit
to include so that it no longer has separate existence
to suck up or drink in
to occupy fully
to consume completely
physics: to take up by chemical or physical action
finance: to assume or pay for
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.
Translations to be checked
- Brown, Lesley, editor (1933) The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 5th edition, Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0-19-860575-7, published 2003, page 9