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See also: ṣukt

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LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

This word results from the conflation of two independent stems: Proto-Indo-European *sew-, *sū-, *su- (juice, moisture; to press juice; to suck) with an extra -k, yielding Proto-Baltic *sūk- > Latvian sūk-; and Proto-Indo-European *sek- (to drain, to dry up, to fall (water)) with an infix n, yielding a reduced grade *sn̥k- > Proto-Baltic *sunk- > Latvian sūk-. Cognates via the first stem (*sew-k-) include Old High German sūgan, German saugen, Dutch zuigen, Latin sūgere, sūcus (juice); cognates via the second stem (*sn̥k-) include Lithuanian suñkti (to press (juice)).[1]

PronunciationEdit

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VerbEdit

sūkt tr., 1st conj., pres. sūcu, sūc, sūc, past sūcu

  1. to suck; to absorb, to pump (to cause liquids, gases, etc. to move by rarefying the air inside some instrument, body part (especially the mouth), etc.)
    sūkt pienuto suck milk
    dēles, odi sūc asinisleeches, mosquitoes suck blood
    bites sūc ziedu sulubees suck flower juice
    sūkt dzērienu ar salmiņuto suck drink with a straw
    sūkt dūmus no cigaretesto suck smoke from a cigarette
    sūknis sūc ūdensthe pump sucks, pumps water
    audums sūc mitrumuthe fabric sucks (up), absorbs moisture
    augi sūc barības vielas — plants suck (up) nutricious substances
    lūpas apdedzinādams, Valdis sūca karsto kafiju un vēroja vīrusburning his lips, Valdis sucked, sipped the hot coffee and watched the men
  2. to sip (to drink with the lips pressed together; to drink slowly)
    Vaguļa brālēns sūca vēso limonādi, jo šī augusta diena bija vēl diezgan karstaVagulis' cousin sipped cool lemonade, because that day of August was still rather hot
    četri vīri sūca alu un vēroja svešnieku, kas turēja rokā kļavu lapasfour men were sipping beer and observing the stranger who held maple leaves in (his) hands
  3. to smoke (a pipe, a cigarette, etc.)
    Ķimelis mierīgi sūca pīpi un izlikās neklausāmies sievas valodāĶimelis quietly sucked, smoked his pipe not to listen to his wife's language (= what she was saying)
    mēs klusējām un, domās iegrimuši, sūcām cigareteswe were silent and, absorbed in thought, we sucked, smoked cigarettes

ConjugationEdit

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

prefixed verbs:
other derived terms:

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “sūkt”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7