Hungarian

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Etymology

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Of unknown origin.[1]

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): [ˈsaːlː]
  • Audio:(file)
  • Hyphenation: száll
  • Rhymes: -aːlː

Verb

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száll

  1. (intransitive) to fly, soar (optionally with locative suffixes)
    Synonyms: repül, szárnyal
    A madár magasan száll.The bird flies high.
  2. (intransitive, of time) to fly, to pass
    Synonyms: telik, repül
    Gyorsan száll az idő.Time flies.
  3. (intransitive) to settle on/onto/at someone or something (used with lative suffixes)
    Synonym: telepedik
    A madár egy faágra szállt.The bird alighted on a tree branch.
  4. (intransitive, of inheritance, legacy) to come into someone’s ownership, to fall on someone, to be transferred to someone by law (used with -ra/-re)
    Synonym: jut
    Az örökség rám száll.The inheritance is transferred to me / I get the inheritance.
  5. (intransitive) to get into, board a vehicle (usually with -ba/-be for cars and -ra/-re for all other vehicles; see Usage notes at felszáll)
    Synonyms: felszáll, beszáll
    Kocsiba szálltak.They got into a car.
    Hajóra szálltak.They boarded a ship.
  6. (intransitive, archaic) Synonym of megszáll (to stay with someone or at a place overnight)

Usage notes

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Not to be confused with the noun szál (thread) which is pronounced with a short l.

Conjugation

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In archaic or literary style, the long forms (with a linking vowel) are (were) common in the past tense, as well as in the present-tense conditional (even if it is short otherwise):

Derived terms

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(With verbal prefixes):

Expressions

References

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  1. ^ száll in Zaicz, Gábor (ed.). Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (‘Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN.  (See also its 2nd edition.)

Further reading

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  • száll in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN