HungarianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Uralic *täwde (full) or Proto-Finno-Ugric *täwδe-, (*tälkɜ-) (complete, full)[1] + -ik (reflexive suffix).[2]

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

telik

  1. (intransitive) to fill (to get filled)
    Synonym: megtelik
    Active-voice counterpart: tölt
  2. (intransitive, of time) to elapse, to pass, to go by
    Synonyms: eltelik, múlik, elmúlik
    Telik az idő.Time is going by.
  3. (intransitive, impersonal) to be able to afford to buy (something -ra/-re, for someone -nak/-nek)
    Synonyms: tellik, futja, megengedhet
    Nekünk nem telik új kocsira.We can't afford a new car.

ConjugationEdit

With its uncommon personal forms included:

Usage notesEdit

This verb is called a pseudo-ik verb, as its -ik ending only presents itself in the 3rd-person singular (indicative present) form, but it is not an -ik verb in any other aspect. As a result, it cannot take the -om/-em/-öm ending in the 1st-person singular (indicative present) form, even in the most erudite style, only -ok/-ek/-ök. Naturally, the optional -m ending cannot appear, either, in their subjunctive or conditional 1st-person singular forms, so only -jak/-jek and -nék is possible in these respective forms. Similarly, the archaic -ék is not possible, either, in the subjunctive or conditional 3rd-person singular forms, i.e. -jék or -nék, only -jon/-jen-jön can appear as their subjunctive 3rd-person singular forms and -na/-ne as their conditional 3rd-person singular forms. These verbs include the following: bomlik, (el)bújik, (meg)érik, (le)folyik, (össze)gyűlik, hazudik, (le)hullik, (bele)/(oda)illik, (meg)jelenik, (el)kopik, (el)múlik, ömlik, (meg)születik, (meg)szűnik, (meg)telik, tojik, (el)törik, (el)/(fel)tűnik, (el)válik, and (el)züllik. (Ki)nyílik partially belongs here, as it cannot take the first-person -om ending but it can take the third-person -jék.

Derived termsEdit

(With verbal prefixes):

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Entry #1042 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungary.
  2. ^ Zaicz, Gábor. Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (’Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN

Further readingEdit

  • telik in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh: A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962.