Latin Edit

Etymology Edit

From Ancient Greek τάλαντον (tálanton, a weight; talent), from Proto-Indo-European *tl̥h₂ent-, from *telh₂-. In post-Classical Latin, the term was used figuratively to refer to a gift from God in general, influenced by the biblical Parable of the Talents (Matthew 25:14–30); the medieval sense “skill, ability” is an extension of this usage.[1]

Pronunciation Edit

Noun Edit

talentum n (genitive talentī); second declension

  1. A Grecian weight, which contained sixty minae or half a hundredweight.
  2. A talent or sum of money; usually the Attic talent (sometimes with magnum).
    Vīgintī talentiīs ūnam ōrātiōnem Īsocratēs vēndidit.
    Isocrates sold one oration for twenty talents.
  3. (Late Latin, figurative) A gift from God, grace.
  4. (Medieval Latin, New Latin, by extension) A marked natural skill or ability.

Declension Edit

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative talentum talenta
Genitive talentī talentōrum
Dative talentō talentīs
Accusative talentum talenta
Ablative talentō talentīs
Vocative talentum talenta

Derived terms Edit

Descendants Edit

References Edit

  1. ^ Hitzl, Konrad (2002), “Talent”, in Brill’s New Pauly: Encyclopaedia of the Ancient World, volume 14, →ISBN, page 121