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EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Italian tempia, ultimately from Latin tempus.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /temˈpio/
  • Hyphenation: tem‧pi‧o
  • Rhymes: -io

NounEdit

tempio (accusative singular tempion, plural tempioj, accusative plural tempiojn)

  1. (anatomy) temple

ItalianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈtɛm.pjo/
  • Hyphenation: tèm‧pio

NounEdit

tempio m (plural tempî, templi or tempi)[1]

  1. (religion) temple
    il tempio di Giove/Zeusthe temple of Jupiter/Zeus
    il tempio di Atenethe temple of Athens
    i tempî/templi egizi/egizianithe Egyptian temples
    Gesù caccia i mercanti dal tempio (di Gerusalemme)Jesus hunts the merchants from the temple (of Jerusalem)
    • 1321 [1308-1320], Dante, Alighieri, Divina Commedia [Divine Comedy], volume Paradiso (narrative poem, in Italian), Canto XXXI, lines 43–44:
      [] E quasi peregrin che si ricrea
      Nel tempio del suo voto riguardando, []
      [] And almost unusual that is recreated
      In the temple of his vote concerning, []
    • 1581 [1581], Tasso, Torquato, Gerusalemme liberata [Jerusalem Delivered] (epic poem, in Italian), Canto II, ottava rima 5, lines 33–34, page 35:
      Nel tempio de’ cristiani occulto giace
      Un sotterraneo altare, []
      In the temple of the Christians, occult lies
      An underground altar, []
    • 1807 [1806-1807], Foscolo, Ugo, Dei Sepolcri [Dei Sepolcri] (poem, in Italian), lines 104–105:
      Non sempre i sassi sepolcrali a’ templi
      Fean pavimento; []
      Not always the sepulchral stones at the temples
      Act as floor; []
    • 1807 [1806-1807], Foscolo, Ugo, quoting Basilica of the Holy Cross, Florence, Dei Sepolcri [Dei Sepolcri] (poem, in Italian), lines 180–181:
      Ma più beata ché in un tempio accolte
      Serbi l’Itale glorie, []
      But more blessed because in a temple welcomed
      Maintains the Italy glories, []
      [1]
  2. (figuratively, literary) temple.
    • 1516 [1516], Ariosto, Ludovico, quoting Anna Trastàmara d'Aragona, Orlando Furioso [Orlando Furioso] (epic poem, in Italian), Canto 46, ottava rima 9, lines 1–2:
      Anna [d’Aragona], bella, gentil, cortese e saggia,
      Di castità, di fede e d’amor tempio.
      Anna [d'Aragona], beautiful, kind, courteous and wise,
      Of chastity, of faith and of temple love.
      [1]
  3. (by extension of the previous sense) temple, capital, seat
    New York è il tempio della finanza internazionale.New York is the temple of international finance.
    Firenze è il tempio del rinascimento italiano.Florence is the temple of the Italian Renaissance.
  4. (literary) the sky/heaven/paradise as a temple
    • 1321 [1308-1320], Dante, Alighieri, Divina Commedia [Divine Comedy], volume Paradiso (narrative poem, in Italian), Canto XXVIII, lines 53–54:
      [] In questo miro e angelico templo
      Che solo amore e luce ha per confine, []
      [] In this admired and angelic paradise
      That only love and light has boundaries, []
      (literally, “ [] In this admired and angelic temple
      That only love and light has boundaries, []
      ”)
    • 1581 [1581], Tasso, Torquato, Gerusalemme liberata [Jerusalem Delivered] (epic poem, in Italian), Canto VIII, ottava rima 44, lines 349–350, page 256:
      Essi del ciel nel luminoso tempio
      Han corona immortal del vincer loro
      They of heaven in the luminous paradise
      Have immortal crown of their winning
      (literally, “They of sky in the luminous temple
      Have immortal crown of their winning
      ”)
      [1]
  5. the firmament as a temple
    • 1581 [1581], Tasso, Torquato, Gerusalemme liberata [Jerusalem Delivered] (epic poem, in Italian), Canto XVIII, ottava rima 13, lines 97–98, page 211:
      [] : oh quante belle
      Luci il tempio celeste in sé raguna!
      [] : oh how many beautiful
      Lights the firmament in itself meets!
      (literally, “ [] : oh how many beautiful
      Lights the heavenly temple in itself meets!
      ”)
      [1]

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit

AnagramsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 Treccani, editor (accessed 7 February 2019), “tèmpio [temple]”, in Treccani [Treccani]‎[1] (in Italian)
  2. ^ http://www.sapere.it/enciclopedia/t%C3%A8mpio.html