Contents

LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Balto-Slavic *tenˀwas, from an old Proto-Indo-European u-stem noun *ténh₂us to which secondary adjectival endings were added (*tenh₂-u-os), from Proto-Indo-European *tenh₂-(to stretch, to pull, to strain) (whence also tīt(to wind, to coil, to wrap), q.v.). Cognates include Lithuanian tévas(slender, thin, delicate), Proto-Slavic *tьnъ (Old Church Slavonic тьнъкъ(tĭnŭkŭ), Russian, Ukrainian тонкий(tónkij, thin, delicate), Bulgarian тънък(tǎ́nǎk, slender, thin, delicate, light), Czech tenký(thin, delicate), Polish cienki(thin, fluid), Upper Sorbian čeńki(thin, weak)), Old High German thunni, dunni(slender, thin), German dünn, English thin, Sanskrit तनुः(tanúḥ, slender, thin, small, weak), Latin tenuis(slender, thin, narrow, delicate, simple), Ossetian тӕн(tæn, slender, thin).[1]

PronunciationEdit

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AdjectiveEdit

tievs (def. tievais, comp. tievāks, sup. vistievākais; adv. tievi)

  1. (of cylindrical objects) thin (having a relatively small cross-section)
    tievs zīmulis, vads‎ ― thin pencil, pipe
    tieva caurule, aukla‎ ― thin tube, string
    tievs kakls‎ ― thin neck
    tievi zari, koki‎ ― thin branches, trees
    tievā zarna‎ ― small (lit. thin) intestine
  2. (of people and animals, their body parts) thin, slim, slender (having relatively small size and low weight)
    tieva meitene‎ ― thin girl
    tievs viduklis‎ ― thin waist
    tievas kājas, rokas‎ ― thin legs, arms
    tievs ka lapsene‎ ― thin as a wasp
  3. (of voices) high-pitched
    balstiņa dusmās divreiz tievāka kā parasti‎ ― (his) little voice in anger (was) twice as thin as usual

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “tievs”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7