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From Proto-Balto-Slavic *wandō (genitive singular *undnes); compare Latvian ûdens, Old Prussian wundan, Proto-Slavic *vodà. Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *wódr̥. The nasal infix is parallelled in Latin unda (wave), presumably analogically brought into the nominative from the oblique stem (cf. Proto-Indo-European genitive singular *udnés). The paradigm would then subsequently have been put back in line with other en-stem nouns (e.g. akmuõ).[1]

Clusters of the shape *nCn apparently blocked the action of Winter's law; confer also ugnìs.



vanduõ m (plural vándenys) stress pattern 3a

  1. water (the substance; the surface of a body of water)
    Ar̃ gãlima gérti vándenį ìš čiáupo? - Can you drink water out of the taps?
    Čià gãlima atvỹkti vándeniu, óru ir žemè. - You can get here by air, land and sea.
  2. current, flow (of water)
    Čiukšė́damas plaũkia priẽš vándenį nedìdelis gárlaivis - A small steamboat splashes along against the current.


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  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015) Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 488

Further readingEdit

  • vanduo in Lietuvių kalbos žodynas,