Established 1475-85 from Late Latin paradīgma, from Ancient Greek παράδειγμα (parádeigma, “pattern”), from παραδείκνυμι (paradeíknumi, “I show [beside] or compare”) + -μα (-ma, “forming nouns concerning the results of actions”).
paradigm (plural paradigms)
- A pattern, a way of doing something, especially (now often derogatory) a pattern of thought, a system of beliefs, a conceptual framework.
- Synonyms: model, worldview
Thomas Kuhn's landmark “The Structure of Scientific Revolutions” got people talking about paradigm shifts, to the point the word itself now suggests an incomplete or biased perspective.
- An example serving as the model for such a pattern.
- Synonyms: template, exemplar, posterboy
- 2000, "Estate of William F. Jenkins v. Paramount Pictures Corp.":
According to the Fourth Circuit, “Coca-Cola” is “the paradigm of a descriptive mark that has acquired secondary meaning”.
- 2003, Nicholas Asher and Alex Lascarides, Logics of Conversation, Cambridge University Press, →ISBN, page 46:
DRT is a paradigm example of a dynamic semantic theory, […]
- (linguistics) A set of all forms which contain a common element, especially the set of all inflectional forms of a word or a particular grammatical category.
The paradigm of "go" is "go, went, gone."
example serving as a model or pattern
linguistics: all forms which contain a common element
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
Translations to be checked
- “paradigm” in The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th edition, Boston, Mass.: Houghton Mifflin, 2000, →ISBN.
- “paradigm” in Dictionary.com Unabridged, Dictionary.com, LLC, 1995–present.
- "paradigm" in WordNet 2.0, Princeton University, 2003.