Dutch

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Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /vɔrst/
  • Audio:(file)
  • Hyphenation: vorst
  • Rhymes: -ɔrst

Etymology 1

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From Middle Dutch vorste, from Old Dutch furista, fursta, from the substantivised weak inflection of Proto-West Germanic *furist, from Proto-Germanic *furistaz (first).

Noun

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vorst m (plural vorsten, diminutive vorstje n, feminine vorstin)

  1. The generic term for prince, monarch, ruler.
  2. A prince, rendering of tradition-specific title of certain ranks (all below King).
Synonyms
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Derived terms
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Descendants
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  • Afrikaans: vors
  • Negerhollands: voorst

Etymology 2

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From Middle Dutch vorst, a metathetic form of Old Dutch *frost, from Proto-West Germanic *frost, from Proto-Germanic *frustaz. Equivalent to vriezen (to freeze) +‎ -t (verbal noun).

Noun

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vorst m (uncountable)

  1. The frost, freeze, frosty weather.
Derived terms
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Etymology 3

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From Middle Dutch vorst, voerst, from Old Dutch furost, from Proto-West Germanic *furhisti.

Noun

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vorst m (plural vorsten, diminutive vorstje n)

  1. A wood(land), forest.
Derived terms
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Etymology 4

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From Middle Dutch vorst, vorste, from Proto-West Germanic *fursti, from Proto-Germanic *furstiz, variant of *firstiz.

Most closely related to Middle Low German vorst, Middle High German forst. Through the i-form also cognate with Middle Dutch verst, verste, French faîte, German First, Old English first.

Noun

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vorst f (plural vorsten)

  1. A ridgepole.
    Synonym: nok
Derived terms
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Etymology 5

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Verb

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vorst

  1. inflection of vorsen:
    1. second/third-person singular present indicative
    2. (archaic) plural imperative

References

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  • M. J. Koenen & J. Endepols, Verklarend Handwoordenboek der Nederlandse Taal (tevens Vreemde-woordentolk), Groningen, Wolters-Noordhoff, 1969 (26th edition) [Dutch dictionary in Dutch]

Estonian

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Vorst, Peeter Allik, 2010.

Etymology

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Presumably from Middle Low German vorst, from Old Saxon worst, from Proto-West Germanic *wursti.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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vorst (genitive vorsti, partitive vorsti)

  1. A sausage.

Declension

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Declension of vorst (ÕS type 22e/riik, length gradation)
singular plural
nominative vorst vorstid
accusative nom.
gen. vorsti
genitive vorstide
partitive vorsti vorste
vorstisid
illative vorsti
vorstisse
vorstidesse
vorstesse
inessive vorstis vorstides
vorstes
elative vorstist vorstidest
vorstest
allative vorstile vorstidele
vorstele
adessive vorstil vorstidel
vorstel
ablative vorstilt vorstidelt
vorstelt
translative vorstiks vorstideks
vorsteks
terminative vorstini vorstideni
essive vorstina vorstidena
abessive vorstita vorstideta
comitative vorstiga vorstidega

Middle Dutch

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Etymology

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From Old Dutch *frost, from Proto-West Germanic *frost, from Proto-Germanic *frustaz.

Noun

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vorst m

  1. The frost, icy cold.

Inflection

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This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants

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Further reading

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Polabian

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Middle Low German vorst, from Old Saxon worst, from Proto-West Germanic *wursti.

Pronunciation

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  This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Noun

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vorst m ?

  1. sausage

Declension

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This noun needs an inflection-table template.

References

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  • Polański, Kazimierz (1994) “vorst”, in Słownik etymologiczny języka Drzewian połabskich [Etymological Dictionary of the Polabian Drevani Language] (in Polish), number 6 (un – źornü), Warszawa: Energeia, →ISBN, page 1038
  • Polański, Kazimierz, James Allen Sehnert (1967) “vorst”, in Polabian-English Dictionary, The Hague, Paris: Mouton & Co, page 178