Last modified on 10 July 2014, at 12:01
See also: and

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
黒-order.gif

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

EtymologyEdit

Japanese shinjitai Simplified from , replacing two dots with one stroke. Compare (from ).

Graphically  +  (fire), and bottom is cognate to .

Han characterEdit

(radical 203 +0, 11 strokes, cangjie input 田土火 (WGF), X田土火 (XWGF))

  1. black
  2. dark
  3. evil

Usage notesEdit

In some Japanese shinjitai simplifications, 黒 is split into and (on the bottom of the character), such as (from ), and the 里 component may disappear, as in (from ).

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 1518, character 36
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 48040
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2052, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: not present, would follow volume 7, page 4743, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9ED2

ChineseEdit

PronunciationEdit


JapaneseEdit

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ja

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. black

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Japanese. Via root morpheme *kur, cognate with kuri (, "black mud from the bed of a body of water"), noun kura (, "darkness; deception"; , , "dark storehouse") > adjective kurai (暗い, "dark"), verb kuru > kureru (暮れる, "to become dark; to near the end [of a day, of a year, of a life]"; 暗れる, 眩れる, "to become depressed, to become dreary of mood"). Compare Proto-Turkic *kara (black), Mongolian хар (har, black).

Possibly cognate with Korean 구름 (gureum, cloud); compare also Japanese (kumo, cloud) and Korean * (geom, black), root morpheme of 검다 (geomda, to be black, ve​rb), 검은 (geomeun, black, adjective).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana くろ, romaji kuro)

  1. the colour black
  2. a 女房詞 (nyōbōshi, woman's word) for (nabe, pot, pan) or (kama, pot, kettle)
  3. (accounting) short for 黒字 (kuroji): black as an accounting term, indicating a profit
  4. (euphemistic) short for 黒幕 (kuromaku): a black curtain, a euphemism for someone influencing or controlling matters from behind the scenes
  5. guilt; the guilty one, the guilty party
  6. (slang) anarchy as a belief system or philosophy; an anarchist

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(heuk) (hangeul , revised heuk, McCune-Reischauer hŭk, Yale huk)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hắc)

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