Last modified on 28 February 2015, at 22:04

-ul

HungarianEdit

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ul

  1. (verb suffix) Added to a word to form a verb with a passive meaning.
    csoportos (collective) → csoportosul (to form a group)
    azonos (identical) → azonosul (to identify; to associate oneself with some group)
    von (to pull) → vonul (to go along, to stalk, to march, literally to pull oneself)
    alak (shape) → alakul (to take shape)
  2. (case suffix) Added to an adjective to form an adverb (the modal sense of the essive-modal case).
    rossz (bad) → rosszul (badly)
    angol (English) → angolul (in English)
  3. (case suffix) as, with the intention of (the essive sense of the the essive-modal case)
    ajándék (gift, present) → ajándékul (as a gift)
    példa (example) → például (for example; as an example)

Usage notesEdit

  • (verb suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -ul is added to back vowel words. Final vowel is dropped.
    -ül is added to front vowel words. Final vowel is dropped.
    lassú (slow) → lassul (to slow down)
  • (case suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -ul is added to back vowel words. Final -a changes to -á-.
    -ül is added to front vowel words. Final -e changes to -é-.

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit


IdoEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Esperanto -ulo.

SuffixEdit

-ul

  1. male

RomanianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • -l (for masculine and neuter nouns ending in a vowel other than -e or -i)
  • -le (for masculine and neuter nounds ending in -e)

EtymologyEdit

Variant of -l with the original u (lost in most modern Romanian nouns) reappearing at the end of the noun it is attached to as a link to the definite article to make pronunciation smoother. For example, in its evolution from Latin, the word foc probably passed through a phase in early Romanian where it was *focu, but the u only appears now as a part of the definite form, focul (with the definite article suffix -l), corresponding to a Late Vulgar Latin formation *focu illu. The grammatical rule also came to apply to nouns of non-Latin origin after they became part of Romanian (e.g. războirăzboiul).

SuffixEdit

-ul m/n

  1. variant of -l
the (definite article)

Usage notesEdit

This form of the definite article is used for both masculine and neuter singular nouns in the nominative and accusative cases which do not end in a vowel, except for -i (which is somewhat uncommon in Romanian):

The suffix is also used with masculine and neuter singular adjectives in the nominative and accusative cases to make the articulated definite form, often for emphasis, and it is used before the noun it modifies:

In informal speech, the final -l is sometimes not fully pronounced.

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit