Last modified on 30 June 2014, at 17:57

Category:Dutch class 6 strong verbs

» Dutch language » Lemmas » Verbs » Verbs by inflection type » Strong verbs » Class 6 strong verbs

The Proto-Indo-European origin of this class is not securely known. It contains verbs with the stem vowel -a-, except those where it is followed by a sonorant and another consonant (this combination was considered a diphthong in PIE and therefore belonged to class 7).[edit]

The sixth class is the smallest class and also the one which is the most threatened to be replaced by weak forms. There are two variations of this paradigm:

/aː/ - /u/ - /u/ - /aː/, for example: dragen - droeg - droegen - gedragen

The past tense in 'oe' is already often replaced by a weak past tense, turning them into mixed verbs.

Note that there was originally a second variation of this paradigm, the so-called j-presents, with /ɛ/ or /eː/ as the present tense vowel. Verbs such as scheppen, heffen and zweren belonged to this group.