Last modified on 21 October 2014, at 08:20

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English fode, fude, from Old English fōda (food), from Proto-Germanic *fōdô (food), from Proto-Indo-European *peh₂- (to guard, graze, feed). Cognate with Scots fuid (food), Low German föde, vöde (food), Danish føde (food), Swedish föda (food), Icelandic fæða, fæði (food), Gothic 𐍆𐍉𐌳𐌴𐌹𐌽𐍃 (fōdeins, food), Latin pānis (bread, food), Latin pāscō (feed, nourish, verb). Related to fodder, foster.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

food (usually uncountable, plural foods)

  1. (uncountable) Any substance that can be consumed by living organisms, especially by eating, in order to sustain life.
    The innkeeper brought them food and drink.
    • 1922, Ben Travers, chapter 1, A Cuckoo in the Nest[1]:
      “[…] the awfully hearty sort of Christmas cards that people do send to other people that they don't know at all well. You know. The kind that have mottoes like
        Here's rattling good luck and roaring good cheer, / With lashings of food and great hogsheads of beer. […]”
    • 2013 June 29, “A punch in the gut”, The Economist, volume 407, number 8842, page 72-3: 
      Mostly, the microbiome is beneficial. It helps with digestion and enables people to extract a lot more calories from their food than would otherwise be possible. Research over the past few years, however, has implicated it in diseases from atherosclerosis to asthma to autism.
  2. (countable) A foodstuff.
    This shop stocks many hundreds of different foods.
  3. (uncountable, figuratively) Anything intended to supply energy or nourishment of an entity or idea.
    The man's inspiring speech gave us food for thought.

Usage notesEdit

  • Adjectives often applied to "food": raw, cooked, baked, fried, grilled, processed, healthy, unhealthy, wholesome, nutritious, safe, toxic, tainted, adulterated, tasty, delicious, fresh, stale, sweet, sour, spicy, exotic, marine.

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