Last modified on 22 July 2014, at 23:03
See also: FOIL

EnglishEdit

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PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old French fueille (plant leaf), from Latin folia, the plural of folium, mistaken as a singular feminine.

NounEdit

foil (uncountable)

  1. A very thin sheet of metal.
  2. (uncountable) Thin aluminium/aluminum (or, formerly, tin) used for wrapping food.
  3. A thin layer of metal put between a jewel and its setting to make it seem more brilliant.
  4. (figuratively) In literature, theatre/theater, etc, a character who helps emphasize the traits of the main character.
  5. (figuratively) Anything that acts by contrast to emphasise the characteristics of something.
    • Sir Philip Sidney
      As she a black silk cap on him began / To set, for foil of his milk-white to serve.
    • Broome
      Hector has a foil to set him off.
  6. (fencing) A very thin sword with a blunted (or foiled) tip
    • Shakespeare
      Blunt as the fencer's foils, which hit, but hurt not.
    • Mitford
      Socrates contended with a foil against Demosthenes with a sword.
  7. A thin, transparent plastic material on which marks are made and projected for the purposes of presentation. See transparency.
  8. (heraldry) A stylized flower or leaf.
  9. Shortened form of hydrofoil.
  10. Shortened form of aerofoil/airfoil.
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English foilen (spoil a scent trail by crossing it), from Old French fouler (tread on, trample), ultimately from Latin fullo (clothes cleaner, fuller).

VerbEdit

foil (third-person singular simple present foils, present participle foiling, simple past and past participle foiled)

  1. To prevent (something) from being accomplished.
  2. To prevent (someone) from accomplishing something.
    • Dryden
      And by mortal man at length am foiled.
    • Byron
      her long locks that foil the painter's power
    • 2011 December 10, David Ornstein, “Arsenal 1 - 0 Everton”, BBC Sport:
      First, former Toffee Mikel Arteta sent Walcott racing clear but instead of shooting he squared towards Ramsey, who was foiled by Tony Hibbert.
  3. To blunt; to dull; to spoil.
    to foil the scent in hunting
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Addison to this entry?)
  4. (obsolete) To tread underfoot; to trample.
    • Knowles
      King Richard [] caused the ensigns of Leopold to be pulled down and foiled under foot.
    • Spenser
      Whom he did all to pieces breake and foyle, / In filthy durt, and left so in the loathely soyle.
SynonymsEdit
TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

foil (plural foils)

  1. Failure when on the point of attainment; defeat; frustration; miscarriage.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Milton to this entry?)
    • Dryden
      Nor e'er was fate so near a foil.

Etymology 3Edit

From French foulis.

NounEdit

foil (plural foils)

  1. (hunting) The track of an animal.
SynonymsEdit
  • (track of an animal): spoor

Etymology 4Edit

From mnemonic acronym FOIL (First Outside Inside Last).

VerbEdit

foil (third-person singular simple present foils, present participle foiling, simple past and past participle foiled)

  1. (mathematics) To multiply two binomials together.
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 5Edit

See file.

VerbEdit

foil (third-person singular simple present foils, present participle foiling, simple past and past participle foiled)

  1. (obsolete) To defile; to soil.

AnagramsEdit