Ancient GreekEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *-mn̥, with -ματ- (-mat-) possibly coming from *-mn̥t- (seen in Latin -mentum).

PronunciationEdit

 

SuffixEdit

-μᾰ (-man (genitive -μᾰτος); third declension

  1. Added to verbal stems to form neuter nouns denoting the result or effect of an action, a particular instance of an action, or the object of an action
    ἀθλέω (athléō, compete)ἄθλημα (áthlēma, contest)
    ἀθύρω (athúrō, play)ἄθυρμα (áthurma, toy)
    βδελύττομαι (bdelúttomai, to feel nausea, to be sick)βδέλυγμα (bdélugma, abomination)
    γράφω (gráphō, write)γράμμα (grámma, that which is written, letter)
    δέρω (dérō, flay, skin)δέρμα (dérma, skin)
    ἐκπῑ́νω (ekpī́nō, drink out)ἔκπωμα (ékpōma, drinking-cup)
    θεωρέω (theōréō, observe)θεώρημα (theṓrēma, observation, theorem)
    μανθάνω (manthánō, learn)μάθημα (máthēma, lesson)
    νοέω (noéō, think)νόημα (nóēma, thought)
    ποιέω (poiéō, make)ποίημα (poíēma, poem, or in general something made)
    σπείρω (speírō, sow)σπέρμα (spérma, that which is sown, seed)
    σχίζω (skhízō, divide)σχίσμα (skhísma, that which is divided)
    τέμνω (témnō, cut)τμῆμα (tmêma, section)

Usage notesEdit

Resulting nouns always have recessive accent.

InflectionEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Smyth, Herbert Weir (1920), “Part III: Formation of Words”, in A Greek grammar for colleges, Cambridge: American Book Company, § 861
  • Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN

GreekEdit

EtymologyEdit

Inherited from the Ancient Greek -μα (-ma).

PronunciationEdit

IPA(key): /ma/

SuffixEdit

-μα (-man

  1. added to a verb form to create gerund and action nouns:
    καπνίζω (kapnízo, to smoke) + ‎-μα (-ma) → ‎κάπνισμα (kápnisma, smoking)
    ζεσταίνω (zestaíno, to heat up) + ‎-μα (-ma) → ‎ζέσταμα (zéstama, warming up)
    τελειώνω (teleióno, to end) + ‎-μα (-ma) → ‎τελείωμα (teleíoma, ending)
    ανοίγω (anoígo, to open) + ‎-μα (-ma) → ‎άνοιγμα (ánoigma, opening)

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit