Ancient GreekEdit

second person pronoun (edit)
case singular dual plural
str. encl. str. str.
nominative σύ σφώ, σφῶϊ ῡ̔μεῖς
genitive σοῦ σου σφῷν ῡ̔μῶν
dative σοί σοι σφῷν ῡ̔μῖν
accusative σέ σε σφώ, σφῶϊ ῡ̔μᾶς
adjective σός ῡ̔μέτερος

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

PIE word
*swé

From the zero grade of Proto-Indo-European *se, plus a dative ending *-bʰ(e)y. Compare Latin sibī, Oscan 𐌔𐌝𐌚𐌄𐌝 (sífeí), Old Church Slavonic себѣ (sebě).

PronunciationEdit

 

PronounEdit

σφώ (sphṓ)

  1. second person dual personal pronoun: you two, both of you, you both
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 1.335–336:
      ... οὔ τί μοι ὔμμες ἐπαίτιοι ἀλλ’ Ἀγαμέμνων,
      σφῶϊ προΐει Βρισηΐδος εἵνεκα κούρης.
      ... oú tí moi úmmes epaítioi all’ Agamémnōn,
      sphôï proḯei Brisēḯdos heíneka koúrēs.
      [Achilles speaking to Talthybius and Eurybates:]
      To me you aren't blameworthy, but Agamemnon,
      who sent you both for the girl Briseis.

Usage notesEdit

Singular and plural are σῠ́ () and ῡ̔μεῖς (hūmeîs).

InflectionEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit