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BelarusianEdit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

EtymologyEdit

From Old East Slavic Русь (Rusĭ).

Proper nounEdit

Русь (Rusʹf inan

  1. Rus
  2. Kievan Rus
  3. Ruthenia, "Old Russia"

SynonymsEdit

CompoundsEdit


Old East SlavicEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Possibly from Finnish Ruotsi (Sweden) (compare Сумь (Sumĭ) < Suomi, Весь (Vesĭ) < Vepsä / *Vepsi), from Old Norse Róðrsland (the land of rowing), older name of Roslagen, where the Finns and Swedes first met.[1]

The Old East Slavic (Old Russian) proper noun Русь is first recorded in the 12th-century Primary Chronicle. Older attestations of the same name in Greek, Latin and Arabic date to the 9th and 10th centuries.

Proper nounEdit

Русь (Rusĭf inan

  1. (collectively) Name of a group of Varangians, the ruling class in the principalities of Rus. [9th c.]
    • [1]
      Афетово же колѣно и то Варѧзи . Свеи . Оурманє . Готѣ . Русь . Аглѧнѣ . Галичанѣ . Волохове . Римлѧнѣ . Нѣмци . Корлѧзи . Венедици . Фрѧговѣ . и прочии присѣдѧть ѿ запада къ полуденью. и съсѣдѧтсѧ съ племенем̑ Хамовомъ.
      Afetovo že kolěno i to Varęzi . Svei . Urmane . Gotě . Rusĭ . Aglęně . Galičaně . Voloxove . Rimlęně . Němci . Korlęzi . Venedici . Fręgově . i pročii prisědętĭ otŭ zapada kŭ poludenĭju. i sŭsědętsę sŭ plemenem̑ Xamovomŭ.
      The offspring of Japheth were the Varangians, Swedes, Norsemen, Goths, Rusĭ, Angles, Galicians, Vlachs, Romans, Germans, Korlyazi ["Carolingians", i.e. Franks], Venetians, Fryazi [Italians, Genovese] and others. In the west they are ajacent to the southern countries, and neighbours with the Hamites.
    • s.a. 6370 (862)
      идоша за море к Варѧгом̑ . к Руси . сіце бо звахуть . ты Варѧ̑гы Русь . ꙗко се друзии зовутсѧ Свеє . друзии же Оурмани . Аньглѧне . инѣи и Готе . тако и си ркоша.
      idoša za more k Varęgom̑ . k Rusi . sice bo zvaxutĭ . ty Varę̑gy Rusĭ . jako se druzii zovutsę Svee . druzii že Urmani . Anĭglęne . iněi i Gote . tako i si rkoša.
      And they went overseas to the Varangians, to the Rusĭ. These particular Varangians were known as Rusĭ, just as some are called Swedes, and others Normans and Angles, and still others Gotlanders, for they were thus named.
  2. (collectively) Inhabitants of Rus; East Slavic people. [10–12th cc.]

Usage notesEdit

Русь (Rusĭ) is the collective plural for the Varangian elite ruling Rus', the Old East Slavic state. A single individual is called a русинъ (rusinŭ), whence modern Russian руси́н (rusín, Ruthenian). While the Rus-Byzantine treaty of AD 911 is unclear on whether "Rus" refers just to the ruling elite or to the entire population, the treaty of 944 is explicit on the point that the "Rus" are "all people of the Rus land" (русьскаꙗ землꙗ (rusĭskaja zemlja)).

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Room, Adrian, Place Names of the World, 2nd ed., McFarland & Co., 2006.

RussianEdit

 
Russian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ru

EtymologyEdit

From Old East Slavic Русь (Rusĭ).

PronunciationEdit

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Proper nounEdit

Русь (Rusʹf inan (genitive Руси́, nominative plural Ру́си, genitive plural Русе́й)

  1. Rus
    на Руси́na Rusíin Rus
    (preposition "на", not "в" is used)
  2. (poetic) Russia
  3. Kievan Rus
  4. An umbrella term for the territory of modern Russia, Ukraine and Belarus, inhabited by the East Slavic Christian Orthodox people. Used until the 20th century.
  5. name of a St. Petersburg daily newspaper published from 1903 to 1908
  6. name of a special forces unit (ОСНАЗ) of the Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs (formed 1994)

Usage notesEdit

  • Preposition на (na) should be used to express the location, e.g. "на Руси́" - in Rus, in Russia.

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit


UkrainianEdit

 
Ukrainian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia uk

EtymologyEdit

From Old East Slavic Русь (Rusĭ).

Proper nounEdit

Русь (Rusʹf inan (genitive Ру́сі or Русі́)

  1. Rus
  2. Kievan Rus
  3. Ruthenia

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

CompoundsEdit