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See also: rus, RUS, rus', rus., Rus., Rus', R Us, and Ruś

Contents

EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Earlier form Russ from German Russe etc., from Old East Slavic Русь (Rusĭ). More recent use influenced by Russian Русь (Rusʹ), from Old East Slavic Русь (Rusĭ). Use with macron was probably influenced by the transliteration of Arabic رُوس(rūs).

Compare Russ, Russian, Russie, Russniak, Rusyn, Ruthenian.

Also compare Swedish Ryss, Dutch Rus, German Russe, French Russe, Byzantine Greek Ῥῶς (Rhôs), Russian Русь (Rusʹ), Belarusian Русь (Rus’), Ukrainian Русь (Rus’). Also compare Russian ру́сский (rússkij, Ethnic Russian, of Rus), россия́нин (rossijánin, Russian national), Росси́я (Rossíja, Russia).

See further Etymology of Rus and derivatives.

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

Rus (countable and uncountable, plural Rus)

  1. A people made up of Scandinavian warrior merchants who travelled Eastern European river-roads from the eighth century, and whose settlements around Novgorod, Kiev and the Volga and Dnieper gave rise to the Russian principalities. [from 19th c.]
    • 2009, Diarmaid MacCulloch, A History of Christianity, Penguin 2010, page 504:
      In 860 the Rus’ streamed southwards and laid siege to Constantinople itself.
  2. The medieval East Slavic state established by these same warrior merchants in the 9th century, whose capital was first in Novgorod and then in Kiev; Kievan Rus.
  3. Any of the medieval East Slavic principalities ruled by this class, especially Kievan Rus.
  4. (poetic) The nation of Russia, especially in a transcendent or romantic sense referring to the history and culture of the country.

Usage notesEdit

This neutral term is used more often instead of Russia or medieval Russia, acknowledging that the Belarusian, Russian, and Ukrainian people share the heritage of Rus.

With this innovation, it is sometimes unclear how to replace the adjective Russian in the same context. Alternatives include using the attributive noun, as in “the Rus princes”, or rewriting to use “of Rus”. The nonstandard adjective Rusian is seen very rarely.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

Rus (plural Rus)

  1. A person from Rus.
    • 1959, Boris Dmitrievich Grekov, Kiev Rus, Foreign Languages Pub. House, p 244:
      And if a Rus hits a Greek, or a Greek a Rus with a sword, a spear or any other weapon, he shall pay five litres of silver for his offence, in accordance with Rus law; and if he be unable (insolvent—Author) his property shall be sold for the best price it fetches, including the very clothes . . .
    • 1959, Sergeĭ Mikhaĭlovich Solov’ev, History of Russia from the Earliest Times [2000], v 3 (The Shift Northward: Kievan Rus, 1154–1228), p 223:
      If a Varangian claimed money from a Rus, or a Rus from a Varangian, and the debtor refused to pay, the plaintiff, accompanied by twelve witnesses, . . .
    • 1973, Donald W. Treadgold, The West in Russia and China: Religious and Secular Thought in Modern Times, v 1 (Russia, 1472–1917), →ISBN, p xxxv:
      The Church of Kievan Rus knew men well-versed in Scripture and apparently other learning of the time, such as the Metropolitans Ioann II (d. 1089) and Klimetn Smoliatich (twelfth century). The former was Greek, and the latter a Rus.

ReferencesEdit

AnagramsEdit


Central FranconianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old High German rōsa, from Latin rosa.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

Rus f (plural Ruse, diminutive Rüsje or Riesche)

  1. (most dialects) rose

Usage notesEdit

  • The diminutive Rüsje is Ripuarian; the form Riesche is Moselle Franconian.

CzechEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

Rus m

  1. Russian (person)

SynonymsEdit

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit


DutchEdit

 
Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

PronunciationEdit

  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ʏs
  • IPA(key): /rʏs/

NounEdit

Rus m (plural Russen, diminutive Rusje n, feminine Russin)

  1. Russian
  2. (Bargoens) detective

Related termsEdit


PolishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From rusy or Rus ("Ruthenian" or "Russian").

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

Rus m pers or f

  1. A masculine surname​.
  2. A feminine surname​.

DeclensionEdit

Masculine surname:

The feminine surname is indeclinable.


Serbo-CroatianEdit

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

Rȕs m (Cyrillic spelling Ру̏с)

  1. Russian (male person)

DeclensionEdit


SlovakEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

Rus m (genitive singular Rusa, nominative plural Rusi, genitive plural Rusov, declension pattern of chlap)

  1. Russian (person)

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Rus in Slovak dictionaries at korpus.sk

SloveneEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

Rȗs m anim (female equivalent Rúsinja)

  1. Russian (male person)

InflectionEdit

Masculine anim., hard o-stem
nom. sing. Rús
gen. sing. Rúsa
singular dual plural
nominative Rús Rúsa Rúsi
accusative Rúsa Rúsa Rúse
genitive Rúsa Rúsov Rúsov
dative Rúsu Rúsoma Rúsom
locative Rúsu Rúsih Rúsih
instrumental Rúsom Rúsoma Rúsi

Related termsEdit


TurkishEdit

NounEdit

Rus

  1. A Russian person (nationality)