ботур

BulgarianEdit

 
Ботур на кълн аспержа

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *bъturь, *boturь (plant stem, sprout), an alternative form of *bъtyrь, *bъtarь whence dialectal Russian бата́рь (batárʹ, weed). Morphologically formed as боте́я (botéja, to grow, to flourish) (dialectal) +‎ -ур (-ur). Further cognate with arch. Bulgarian бът (bǎt, specter, bat), бот (bot, wooden hammer), dialectal Russian боту́н (botún, altai onion).

For the semantic development, compare the akin Proto-Germanic *baumaz (shoot, sprout)English beam.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

бо́тур (bóturm (diminutive бо́турче)

  1. (originally) young plant stem or shoot (before stiffening) → spur, sprig, tree bough
    Synonyms: кълн (kǎln), (poetic) гран (gran), (dialectal) буда́к (budák)
    Antonym: хвой (hvoj, stiffen plant stem)
    1. (dialectal) grass or weed stalk
    2. (by semantic widening) trunk, bole, tree stock
      Synonyms: пън (pǎn), ствол (stvol)
  2. (dialectal) sowbread (flower of gen. Cyclamen)
  3. (derogatory) bore, dullhead (boring, dull person)
    Synonym: дръвни́к (drǎvník)

Alternative formsEdit

DeclensionEdit

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