stalk

EnglishEdit

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PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English stalke, diminutive of stale 'ladder upright, stalk', from Old English stalu 'wooden upright', from Proto-Germanic *stalǭ (compare Middle Low German stal, stale 'chair leg'), variant of *steluz, stelōn 'stalk' (compare Old English stela, Dutch steel, German Stiel, Danish stilk), from Proto-Indo-European *stel- (compare Albanian shtalkë (crossbeam, board used as a door hinge), Welsh telm (frond), Ancient Greek stélos 'beam', Old Armenian ստեղն (stełn, trunk, stalk)).

NounEdit

stalk (plural stalks)

  1. The stem or main axis of a plant, which supports the seed-carrying parts.
    a stalk of wheat, rye, or oats; the stalks of maize or hemp
  2. The petiole, pedicel, or peduncle of a plant.
  3. Something resembling the stalk of a plant, such as the stem of a quill.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Grew to this entry?)
  4. (architecture) An ornament in the Corinthian capital resembling the stalk of a plant, from which the volutes and helices spring.
  5. One of the two upright pieces of a ladder.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Chaucer to this entry?)
  6. (zoology) A stem or peduncle, as in certain barnacles and crinoids.
  7. (zoology) The narrow basal portion of the abdomen of a hymenopterous insect.
  8. (zoology) The peduncle of the eyes of decapod crustaceans.
  9. (metalworking) An iron bar with projections inserted in a core to strengthen it; a core arbor.
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English stalken, from Old English -stealcian (as in Old English bestealcian (to move stealthily), stealcung (stalking)), from Proto-Germanic *stalkōną 'to move stealthily' (compare Dutch stelkeren, stolkeren 'to tip-toe, tread carefully', Danish stalke (to high step, stalk), Norwegian dialectal stalka 'to trudge'), from *stalkaz, *stelkaz (compare Old English stealc 'steep', Old Norse stelkr, stjalkr (knot (bird), red sandpiper)), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)telg, *(s)tolg- (compare Middle Irish tolg (strength), Lithuanian stalgùs (stiff, defiant, proud)).[1]

Alternate etymology connects Proto-Germanic *stalkōną 'to stalk, move stealthily', to a frequentative form of Proto-Germanic *stelaną 'to steal'.

VerbEdit

stalk (third-person singular simple present stalks, present participle stalking, simple past and past participle stalked)

  1. (transitive) To approach slowly and quietly in order not to be discovered when getting closer.
    • Sir Walter Scott
      As for shooting a man from behind a wall, it is cruelly like to stalking a deer.
    • 1907, Robert Chambers, chapter 1/2, The Younger Set[1]:
      […] presently Selwyn lay prone upon the nursery floor, impersonating a ladrone while pleasant shivers chased themselves over Drina, whom he was stalking.
  2. (transitive) To (try to) follow or contact someone constantly, often resulting in harassment (Wikipedia).
    My ex-boyfriend is stalking me.
  3. (intransitive) To walk slowly and cautiously; to walk in a stealthy, noiseless manner.
    • Dryden
      [Bertran] stalks close behind her, like a witch's fiend, / Pressing to be employed.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Shakespeare to this entry?)
  4. (intransitive) To walk behind something, such as a screen, for the purpose of approaching game; to proceed under cover.
    • Francis Bacon
      The king [] crept under the shoulder of his led horse; [] "I must stalk," said he.
    • Drayton
      One underneath his horse, to get a shoot doth stalk.
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

NounEdit

stalk (plural stalks)

  1. A particular episode of trying to follow or contact someone.
  2. (of wild animals) A hunt.
Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Robert K. Barnhart and Sol Steinmetz, eds., Chambers Dictionary of Etymology, s.v. "stalk2" (New York: Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd., 2006), 1057.

Etymology 3Edit

1530, 'to walk haughtily', perhaps from Old English stealc 'steep', from Proto-Germanic *stelkaz, *stalkaz 'high, lofty, steep, stiff'; see above

VerbEdit

stalk (third-person singular simple present stalks, present participle stalking, simple past and past participle stalked)

  1. (intransitive) To walk haughtily.
    • Dryden
      With manly mien he stalked along the ground.
    • Addison
      Then stalking through the deep, / He fords the ocean.
    • Mericale
      I forbear myself from entering the lists in which he has long stalked alone and unchallenged.
TranslationsEdit

AnagramsEdit


DutchEdit

VerbEdit

stalk

  1. first-person singular present indicative of stalken
  2. imperative of stalken
Last modified on 30 March 2014, at 03:14