Alternative formsEdit


From Old East Slavic бꙑти (byti), from Proto-Slavic *byti. The u in the infinitive and past tense was probably influenced by the future tense. Compare Russian быть (bytʹ).


  • IPA(key): [ˈbute]
  • (file)


бу́ти (bútyimpf

  1. to be
    У ме́не є пита́нняU méne je pytánnjaI have a question.
    Він був до́бре відо́мий на ба́тьківщині.Vin buv dóbre vidómyj na bátʹkivščyni.He was well known in his homeland.


Usage notesEdit

  • Omitted in the present tense except in the third-person singular "є", which is used occasionally to express possession or definition or for emphasis.
  • To express A=B (to indicate that the subject and object are the same), in the present tense, the verb is omitted and can be used, e.g.:
    мій брат — вчи́тельmij brat — včýtelʹMy brother is a teacher
  • "—" is not used when the subject is a pronoun, e.g.:
    я студе́нтja studéntI am a student
  • Omitted in the present tense to indicate that the subject plays the role of the predicate nominal
    вона́ вродли́ваvoná vrodlývashe is beautiful


Further readingEdit