быць

BelarusianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old East Slavic бꙑти (byti), from Proto-Slavic *byti.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [bɨt͡sʲ]
  • (file)

VerbEdit

быць (bycʹimpf

  1. to be

Usage notesEdit

  • It is omitted in the present tense except in the third-person singular ёсць, which is used either to emphasise the existence of the subject, a predicate meaning “there is” or to express possession (English verb "to have").
    Ёсць які́-не́будзь стары́, што да вайны́ тут жыў?Joscʹ jakí-njébudzʹ starý, što da vajný tut žyŭ?Is there anyone old that lived here before the war?
    У мяне́ ёсць пыта́нне.U mjanjé joscʹ pytánnje.I have a question.
  • It is usually expressed in the present tense as a pause, represented in the written language by a dash after nouns (but not after pronouns). It is not used if the predicate is an adjective.
    Мой ся́бар белару́с, а ты украі́нец.Moj sjábar bjelarús, a ty ukraínjec.My friend is Belarusian and you are Ukrainian.
    Хло́пчык ве́льмі гало́дны.Xlópčyk vjélʹmi halódny.The young man is very hungry.
  • However, the dash is not written in third person impersonal adverbial phrases.
    Ця́жка вы́вучыць но́вую мо́ву.Cjážka vývučycʹ nóvuju móvu.It is difficult to learn a new language.
  • Other verbs such as быва́ць (byvácʹ) and стаць (stacʹ) can also be used instead.

ConjugationEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • быць” in Belarusian-Russian dictionaries and Belarusian dictionaries at slounik.org