Russian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ru

Alternative formsEdit


Inherited from Old East Slavic дере́внꙗ (derévnja), from Proto-Slavic *dьrvьňa, from Proto-Indo-European *dr̥Hweh₂. Cognates include Latvian druva (cornfield, plough-land) and Lithuanian dirvà (field, land), also Lithuanian dirvónas (fallow field, set-aside land). Baltic borrowing (with later semantic change from plough-land to homestead and then to hamlet) is likely considering the lack of cognates in other Slavic languages.


  • IPA(key): [dʲɪˈrʲevnʲə]
  • (file)


дере́вня (derévnjaf inan (genitive дере́вни, nominative plural дере́вни, genitive plural дереве́нь, related adjective дереве́нский, diminutive дереве́нька or дереву́шка)

  1. village, hamlet
    Synonyms: посёлок (posjólok), поселе́ние (poselénije), село (selo), селе́ние (selénije), стани́ца (staníca), ху́тор (xútor)
  2. (collective) the countryside, the rural population
  3. (colloquial, both feminine and masculine with animacy) yokel, bumpkin
    Synonym: дереве́нщина (derevénščina)
    Дере́вня! Э́то не пиджа́к, э́то смо́кинг.Derévnja! Éto ne pidžák, éto smóking.What a yokel! This isn't a coat, it’s a tuxedo.
    Сиди́т? — Кто? — Ну, мужи́к […] — О дере́вня, а? […] Кто ж его́ поса́дит?! Он же па́мятник!
    Sidít? — Kto? — Nu, mužík […] — O derévnja, a? […] Kto ž jevó posádit?! On že pámjatnik!
    Is he sitting? — Who? — That man. — Bumpkin! Who could throw him in prison? He’s a monument! (Play on the meanings of сидеть, meaning to sit and to be in prison, in the movie, Gentlemen of Fortune)
  4. (collective, dialectal) a tree
  5. (dialectal) a place which is not a wild field
  6. (dialectal) a rural community
  7. (dialectal) a bunch of fallen trees

Usage notesEdit

  • Traditionally, дере́вня (derévnja) referred to a smaller village without a church, while село́ (seló) referred to a larger village with a church.


Related termsEdit



  1. ^ Филин, Ф. П., editor (1972), “дере́вня”, in Slovarʹ russkix narodnyx govorov [Dictionary of Russian Dialects] (in Russian), volume 8, Leningrad: Nauka, Leningrad branch, page 13

Further readingEdit