Belarusian edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Slavic *dȍmъ (house; home).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [dom]
  • (file)

Noun edit

дом (domm inan (genitive до́ма, nominative plural дамы́, genitive plural дамо́ў)

  1. house; home
    Дзе ж мой дом, дзе мой люд?Dzje ž moj dom, dzje moj ljud?Where is my home, where are my people?
    Гэты дом паганы!Hety dom pahany!This house is filthy!
    Synonym: ха́та (xáta)
  2. building
    Synonym: буды́нак (budýnak)

Declension edit

1.

2.

References edit

  • дом” in Belarusian–Russian dictionaries and Belarusian dictionaries at slounik.org

Bulgarian edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Slavic *dȍmъ (house; home).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

дом (domm

  1. residential building, home, house
    Synonym: къ́ща (kǎ́šta)
  2. family
  3. native place

Declension edit

References edit

  • дом”, in Речник на българския език [Dictionary of the Bulgarian Language] (in Bulgarian), Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 2014
  • дом”, in Речник на българския език [Dictionary of the Bulgarian Language] (in Bulgarian), Chitanka, 2010

Macedonian edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *dȍmъ (house; home).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

дом (domm (plural до́мови, relational adjective до́машен, diminutive до́мче)[1]

  1. home, house (a residential building)
    Synonym: ку́ќа (kúḱa)
    О́ва е мо́јот дом.Óva e mójot dom.This is my home.
  2. family
  3. home, house (as part of a name of an establishment)
    сту́дентски домstúdentski domstudent dorms / dorm / dormitory
  4. (figurative) homeland
  5. chamber, house (one of the two bodies that make up the congregation in some countries)

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

References edit

  1. ^ Tolovski, Dime, Illich-Svitych, Vladislav M. (1963) Македонско-руски речник / Македонско-русский словарь [Macedonian-Russian Dictionary]‎[1] (in Russian), Soviet Union, Moscow: State Publishing House of Foreign and Ethnicity Dictionaries, page 96:домdom

2. “дом” in Дигитален речник на македонскиот јазик (Digitalen rečnik na makedonskiot jazik) [Digital dictionary of the Macedonian language] − drmj.eu

Russian edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Old East Slavic домъ (domŭ, house; home), from Proto-Slavic *dȍmъ (house; home), from Proto-Balto-Slavic *damús, from Proto-Indo-European *dṓm (home; house)

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

дом (domm inan (genitive до́ма, nominative plural дома́ or до́мы*, genitive plural домо́в, relational adjective дома́шний or домово́й or домо́вый, diminutive до́мик, augmentative доми́ще, pejorative доми́шко)

  1. house, building (a residential building)
    Synonym: (building in general) зда́ние (zdánije)
    обы́скивать дом за до́момobýskivatʹ dom za dómomto search house by house
    кварти́рный домkvartírnyj domapartment building; block of flats
  2. house, home (as part of a name of an establishment)
    изда́тельский домizdátelʹskij dompublishing house
    сумасше́дший домsumasšédšij dominsane asylum; madhouse
    дом о́тдыхаdom ótdyxaholiday resort
    дом престаре́лыхdom prestarélyxretirement home
  3. plot (in some street addresses: a group of buildings sharing the same street number)
    Моско́вское шоссе́, дом 123, ко́рпус 2, кварти́ра 10Moskóvskoje šossé, dom 123, kórpus 2, kvartíra 10123 Moskovskoye highway, building 2, apartment 10
  4. home
    родно́й домrodnój domnative home
    Дом англича́нинаего́ кре́пость.Dom angličánina — jevó krépostʹ.An Englishman's home is his castle.
  5. dynasty, noble house
    дом Рома́новыхdom Románovyxthe Romanov dynasty
    чума́ на о́ба ва́ши до́маčumá na óba váši dómaa plague on both your houses

Usage notes edit

  • The nominative-accusative plural до́мы (dómy), largely unused now, was in earlier Russian (as late as 19th century) sometimes restricted to the accusative case and distinguished from a nominative plural дома́ (domá). Compare the nominative plural домовє (domove), accusative plural домꙑ (domy) of Old Church Slavonic домъ (domŭ).

Declension edit

Related terms edit

Serbo-Croatian edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *dȍmъ (house; home).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

до̏м m (Latin spelling dȍm)

  1. home, house

Declension edit