малый

RussianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old East Slavic малъ (malŭ), from Proto-Slavic *malъ, from Proto-Indo-European *(s)mal-, *(s)mel-, whence English small. Cognate to Ukrainian малий (malyj).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈmaɫɨj]
  • (file)

AdjectiveEdit

ма́лый (mályj) (comparative (по)ме́ньше, superlative мале́йший or ме́ньший)

  1. small, little
  2. short
  3. (short form only) too small; smaller than necessary
    Э́ти сапоги́ мне малы́.
    Éti sapogí mne malý.
    These boots are too small for me.

DeclensionEdit

Usage notesEdit

  • A special short form is found in the expression от ма́ла до вели́ка (ot mála do velíka, all ages, literally from small to big). Here, ма́ла and вели́ка are old short genitives.
  • A special short form is found in the expression ку́ча мала́ (kúča malá, pile of people, disorderly heap, literally small pile). Here, мала́ is an old short feminine attributive adjective.
  • A special short form is found in the expression мал мала́ ме́ньше (mal malá ménʹše, one (child, object, etc.) smaller than the next, literally small smaller). Here, мал (masculine) and мала́ (feminine) are old short attributive adjectives.

Related termsEdit